An evaluation of canine inguinal hernias containing the uterus: clinical experience of four cases (2017-2022) and literature review

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Binli F., Büyükbudak F., İnan I., Ferahoğlu V., Aksu A. G., Fındık M., ...More

Turkish Journal of Veterinary and Animal Sciences, vol.47, no.4, pp.305-315, 2023 (SCI-Expanded) identifier

  • Publication Type: Article / Review
  • Volume: 47 Issue: 4
  • Publication Date: 2023
  • Doi Number: 10.55730/1300-0128.4299
  • Journal Name: Turkish Journal of Veterinary and Animal Sciences
  • Journal Indexes: Science Citation Index Expanded (SCI-EXPANDED), Scopus, Academic Search Premier, CAB Abstracts, Veterinary Science Database, TR DİZİN (ULAKBİM)
  • Page Numbers: pp.305-315
  • Ondokuz Mayıs University Affiliated: Yes


The aim of this study is to identify and summarize the evidence and risk factors of canine inguinal hernia containing the uterus (Inguinal Hysterocele; IH) etiology by presenting our clinical experience with a literature review. A total of 18 canine IH cases were evaluated in the study. Of these, four have not yet been published anywhere, two have been published before, and 12 were obtained through a literature review. According to the findings, 81.3% of the cases were small/medium races, 83.3% were ≥5 years old, and 72.7% were multiparous. Totally 83.3% of the cases were chronic and 72.2% of the cases had a hernia on the left side of the body. In inguinal gravid hysterocele (IGH) cases, clinical symptoms started after >30 days of pregnancy. In addition to estrogen, repeated exposure to sex hormones and conception/birth status are also effective in etiology. Finally, the uterus herniates into the inguinal canal and conception/ uterine pathologies occur in the already herniated uterus. Inguinal hysteroceles are causes life-threatening problems. In the clinic, inguinal swellings/masses can be confused with adipose tissue, so careful control and surgical intervention of swellings/masses can eliminate serious problems that may develop.