Kinetic Insights into the Antioxidant Effect of Isatin-Thiosemicarbazone in Biodiesel Blends

Creative Commons License

Türköz Karakullukçu N., Muğlu H., Yakan H., Yılmaz V. M., Marah S., İnce İ. A.

ANTIOXIDANTS, vol.13, no.819, pp.1-21, 2024 (SCI-Expanded)

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Volume: 13 Issue: 819
  • Publication Date: 2024
  • Doi Number: 10.3390/antiox13070819
  • Journal Name: ANTIOXIDANTS
  • Journal Indexes: Science Citation Index Expanded (SCI-EXPANDED), Scopus, BIOSIS, Chemical Abstracts Core, Food Science & Technology Abstracts, Directory of Open Access Journals
  • Page Numbers: pp.1-21
  • Ondokuz Mayıs University Affiliated: Yes


Abstract: Biodiesel has several drawbacks, such as being prone to oxidation, having reduced stability, and having limited storage time. Antioxidants compatible with biodiesel are being used to address its drawbacks. Utilizing antioxidants effectively improves the quality of biodiesel. Enhancing the quality of biodiesel for use as a clean energy source benefits both the global economy and ecology. Therefore, we believe that our work will contribute to the advancement of the biodiesel industry worldwide. This study used blends consisting of 20% biodiesel and 80% diesel fuel. Isatin-thiosemicarbazones were tested as additives in blends at a concentration of 3000 parts per million (ppm) using an oxifast device and were compared with the chemical antioxidant Trolox. FT-IR, DSC, and TGA were used to characterize these samples. DSC measured sample crystallization temperatures (Tc). Samples with antioxidants showed decreased values compared to the non-antioxidant diesel sample D100. Several DSC tests were conducted to determine the antioxidant strengths of various samples. The results show that the FT-IR spectrum’s antioxidant effect regions grow clearer with antioxidants. The extra antioxidant is effective. Biodiesel’s oxidative stability improves with isatinthiosemicarbazones at varying concentrations. The kinetics of thermal decomposition of isatin-thiosemicarbazones under non-isothermal conditions were determined using the Kissinger, Ozawa, and Boswell techniques. The activation energies of compounds 1 and 2 were calculated as 137–147 kJ mol−1 and 173–183 kJ mol−1, respectively.