Comparison of apically extruded debris associated with several nickel-titanium systems after determining working length by apex locator

Çiçek E., Akkocan O., Furuncuoglu F.

Journal of Conservative Dentistry, vol.19, no.1, pp.68-71, 2016 (Scopus) identifier identifier

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Volume: 19 Issue: 1
  • Publication Date: 2016
  • Doi Number: 10.4103/0972-0707.173203
  • Journal Name: Journal of Conservative Dentistry
  • Journal Indexes: Scopus
  • Page Numbers: pp.68-71
  • Keywords: Apex locator, apical extrusion, instrumentation, nickel-titanium systems
  • Ondokuz Mayıs University Affiliated: Yes


Background/Aim: To compare apically extruded debris using ProTaper Universal (PTU), ProTaper Next (PTN), WaveOne (WO), Twisted File (TF), M-Two (MT), and Revo-S (RS) after determining the working length (WL) with root ZX. Materials and Methods: Seventy-two teeth were selected. The WL determination was performed with root ZX. The teeth were divided into six experimental groups, randomly. In groups, root canals were prepared with PTU to size F4/0.06, with PTN to size X4/0.06, with WO to size 40/0.08, with TF to size 40/0.04, with MT to size 40/0.06, and with RS to size AS40/0.06. After preparations were completed, final irrigation was performed with 2 mL distilled water, and a total of 10 mL of distilled water was used in each tooth. Tubes were stored in an incubator at 68°C for 5 days to evaporate the distilled water before weighing the dry debris. Data were analyzed by the Mann-Whitney U-test. Results: The RS group led to the highest amount of extruded debris, however, WO led to the least amount of extruded debris. There was no statistically difference among the groups (P > 0.05). Conclusions: The authors conclude that the results obtained might depend on the apex locator used to determine the WL.