Evaluation of spectral vegetation indices as an indicator of crop coefficient and evapotranspiration under full and deficit irrigation conditions

Koeksal E. S.

INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF REMOTE SENSING, vol.29, no.23, pp.7029-7043, 2008 (SCI-Expanded) identifier


Two separate field experiments were conducted with sugar beet and green bean, at Ankara, Turkey during the 2005 growing season. Different amounts of irrigation water were applied, and various levels of water stress and vegetation occurred. Spectral reflectance, infrared canopy temperature, and some parameters related to crop evapotranspiration (ET c) were observed. Daily ET c values were calculated based on energy balance and soil water balance residual. The fraction of reference ET (ETrF), which is essentially the same with the crop coefficient (K c), was determined, and relationships between spectral vegetation indices (SVIs) were analysed. Under water stress conditions, the ET c and ETrF values estimated by means of energy balance were relatively high. In order to improve the correlation between ETrF and SVIs and for correction of ET c for water-stressed irrigation treatments, a modification ratio was calculated based on SVIs. Although all three SVIs have a significant relationship with ETrF, the correctness of the modification with a Simple Ratio (SR) was higher. As a consequence, ETrF or crop coefficient (K c) could be estimated by SR, and this information could be used for irrigation water management of large-scale agricultural lands.