Rare benign tumours of oral cavity - Capillary haemangioma of palatal mucosa: A case report

Açikgöz A., Sakallıoğlu N. U., Özdamar S., Uysal A.

International Journal of Paediatric Dentistry, vol.10, no.2, pp.161-165, 2000 (Scopus) identifier identifier


Haemangiomas are benign tumours composed of blood vessels, they are probably developmental rather than neoplastic in origin. Haemangiomas are often present at birth but may become more apparent during life. The tumours appear as a flat or raised reddish-blue lesions and are generally solitary. They are occasionally seen on the palatal mucosa. Haemangiomas are classified on the basis of their histological appearance as capillary, mixed, cavernous or a sclerosing variety that tends to undergo fibrosis. Their differential clinical diagnosis is based on appearance. The tumours may be slowly progressive, involving extensive portions of the superficial and deep blood vessels. Function may be affected where development of the lesion is extra-invasive. Colour change on pressure is a common finding with return to the original colour on withdrawal of pressure. The case presented here was referred because of swelling and recurrent periodontal bleeding. The lesion was diagnosed as a capillary haemangioma through histopathology. Although different therapeutic procedures have been reported, in this case surgical excision was carried out under general anaesthesia following hospitalization. Despite their benign origins and behaviour, haemangiomas in the region of oral cavity are always of clinical importance to the dental profession and require appropriate clinical management. Dental practitioners and oral surgeons need to be aware of these lesions because they may pose serious bleeding risks.