PER-1 type beta-lactamases were screened among ceftazidime-resistant clinical isolates of Acinetobacter spp. and Pseudomonas aeruginosa. A total of 176 non-repetitive isolates (84 Acinetobacter spp. and 92 P. aeruginosa) were collected during a three month surveillance period. Isolates were obtained from seven intensive care units of seven university hospitals. All strains were screened for bla(PER-1) alleles by PCR. Of the strains, 31% and 55.4% of Acinetobacter spp. and P. aeruginosa were positive for bla(PER-1) type genes, respectively. (c) 2005 Federation of European Microbiological Societies. Published by Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.