The most important structuring occurs in the years of elementary school in order that the sensitive societies which have awareness on the environment with the training of environment, which turn the awareness to the lifestyle are formed and this awareness is handed to the next generations. It is necessary that the teachers use the method and techniques to attract the students’ attention in order that the environmental awareness is gained in the students and the awareness becomes a permanent one. It was aimed in the research to develop the scientific caricatures related to raise the knowledge and awareness about the varieties of domestic solid wastes, their collection, transport, recycling and the products from the recycling for the elementary school students. Three activities were prepared within the scope of research, the pilot scheme was done with 40 elementary school students in total who received their training at the first, second, third and forth grades in the center of a province at Turkey’s north in order to determine whether there are the parts which aren’t understood in the activities which are prepared or that the students can have difficulty in them. It is expected that the learning by doing and experience occurs as the active participation of students to the process is provided with the use of caricaturethematic activities, which are prepared within the scope of this research, in the process to teach the distinction of domestic solid wastes’ varieties and the recycling. The use of visual materials in the learning will develop the individual’s creativity as it is important in order that the meaningful learning occurs and those to be learned become permanent.