A new fractional mathematical modelling of COVID-19 with the availability of vaccine

Kumar P., Ertürk V. S., Murillo-Arcila M.

RESULTS IN PHYSICS, vol.24, 2021 (SCI-Expanded) identifier identifier identifier

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Volume: 24
  • Publication Date: 2021
  • Doi Number: 10.1016/j.rinp.2021.104213
  • Journal Name: RESULTS IN PHYSICS
  • Journal Indexes: Science Citation Index Expanded (SCI-EXPANDED), Scopus
  • Keywords: COVID-19, Vaccine, Virus, Mathematical model, Numerical algorithm, Atangana-Baleanu fractional derivative, DYNAMICS
  • Ondokuz Mayıs University Affiliated: Yes


The most dangerous disease of this decade novel coronavirus or COVID-19 is yet not over. The whole world is facing this threat and trying to stand together to defeat this pandemic. Many countries have defeated this virus by their strong control strategies and many are still trying to do so. To date, some countries have prepared a vaccine against this virus but not in an enough amount. In this research article, we proposed a new SEIRS dynamical model by including the vaccine rate. First we formulate the model with integer order and after that we generalize it in Atangana-Baleanu derivative sense. The high motivation to apply Atangana-Baleanu fractional derivative on our model is to explore the dynamics of the model more clearly. We provide the analysis of the existence of solution for the given fractional SEIRS model. We use the famous Predictor-Corrector algorithm to derive the solution of the model. Also, the analysis for the stability of the given algorithm is established. We simulate number of graphs to see the role of vaccine on the dynamics of the population. For practical simulations, we use the parameter values which are based on real data of Spain. The main motivation or aim of this research study is to justify the role of vaccine in this tough time of COVID-19. A clear role of vaccine at this crucial time can be realized by this study.