4 TH WORLD CONFERENCE ON SUSTAINABLE LIFE SCIENCES, İstanbul, Turkey, 01 July 2022, pp.90-97
Due to the increased consumption of resources, especially the energy generated from the use of oil resources, it was necessary to find alternatives characterized by the same quality as well as being of lower cost, and the most important of these alternatives is the use of waste as an alternative fuel (Refused Derived Fuel, RDF). It is the essential type of low-cost thermal energy used in various industries, especially the cement industry, as it uses furnaces that require high thermal energy during production processes. Waste characterizes by the fact that it is inexhaustible because man cannot stop consuming. In this research, the feasibility of using waste recycling (RDF) instead of gasoline or black oil was evaluated in order to improve the production efficiency (technological change) and reduce production costs of Bazian Cement Company (French Lafarge) in Iraq. The wastes used in the research are one of the alternative and economical sources. The results of the study were positive, and less than half the percentage of other natural resources used in the production of industrial goods was used. All this led to an 8.4% reduction in total cement production costs, resulting in a 5.1% increase in production efficiency. The amount of MIP (Material Input Per Unit) is
0.167 kg per capita, that is, the amount of natural resources consumed and extracted from nature is very small compared to the per capita resource consumption (0.85 kg/day), per capita consumption share. In this case, less than what provides the cleanest production and therefore sustainability, so RDF is an eco-friendly material. Using waste (RDF) as alternative energy is one of the essential suggestions because it helps the company's production efficiency while reducing clean production costs and improving the environment. It also strengthens the national economy because of its high economic returns and taking advantage of landfills for agriculture or construction.
Keywords: Environmental management system, Recycle waste, Refused Derived Fuel (RDF), Waste management