Determination of Nickel, Copper and Zinc in Water Samples After Cloud Point Extraction Using Ammonium O,O-Dicyclohexyldithiophosphate and Triton X-114 by Flame Atomic Absorption Spectrometry

Asci M. Y., Efendioglu A., Bati B.

ASIAN JOURNAL OF CHEMISTRY, vol.24, no.6, pp.2497-2502, 2012 (SCI-Expanded) identifier identifier

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Volume: 24 Issue: 6
  • Publication Date: 2012
  • Journal Indexes: Science Citation Index Expanded (SCI-EXPANDED), Scopus
  • Page Numbers: pp.2497-2502
  • Keywords: Ammonium O,O-Dicyclohexyldithiophosphate, Cloud point extraction, Atomic absorption spectrometry, Triton X-114, SOLID-PHASE EXTRACTION, METAL IONS, ENVIRONMENTAL-SAMPLES, REAL SAMPLES, PRECONCENTRATION, COBALT, SEPARATION, MANGANESE, CADMIUM, LEAD
  • Ondokuz Mayıs University Affiliated: Yes


A simple and practical cloud point extraction-preconcentration method for trace amounts of Ni, Cu and Zn by flame atomic absorption spectrophotometry was proposed. The laboratory made-reagent ammonium O,O-dicyclohexyldithiophosphate which has not previously been used for analytical purpose and the nonionic surfactant Triton X-114 were used for cloud point extraction. The cloud point was formed in the presence of NaCl at 60 degrees C. After phase separation, the surfactant-rich phase was diluted with ethanol acidified with 0.1 mol L-1 HNO3 and the final solution was determined by flame atomic absorption spectrometry. Under the optimal experimental conditions, calibration graphs were linear in the range of 20-120, 10-80 and 6-60 mu g L-1, with detection limits of 1.41, 1.51 and 2.92 mu g L-1 for Ni, Cu and Zn, respectively. The proposed method was applied to the determination of Ni, Cu and Zn in natural water samples and certified reference alloys. Results found were in good agreement with certified values.