ANATOMIC AND CRANIOMETRIC FACTORS IN DIFFERENTIATING ROE DEER (CAPREOLUS CAPREOLUS) FROM SHEEP (OVIS ARIES) AND GOAT (CAPRA HIRCUS) SKULLS


Onuk B., Kabak M., Atalar K.

ARCHIVES OF BIOLOGICAL SCIENCES, vol.65, no.1, pp.133-141, 2013 (SCI-Expanded) identifier identifier

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Volume: 65 Issue: 1
  • Publication Date: 2013
  • Doi Number: 10.2298/abs1301141m
  • Journal Name: ARCHIVES OF BIOLOGICAL SCIENCES
  • Journal Indexes: Science Citation Index Expanded (SCI-EXPANDED), Scopus
  • Page Numbers: pp.133-141
  • Keywords: Craniometric parameters, determinative anatomic factors, roe deer, skull
  • Ondokuz Mayıs University Affiliated: Yes

Abstract

This study was carried out to investigate the bony structures relevant to skull of roe deer, sheep and goat. The skull of five sheep weighing 45-50 kg, three goat weighing 50-60 kg and five roe deer weighing 20-25 kg were used in this study. Macerations of the cranium were performed by the boiling method. The skull of the roe deer was notably similar to that of sheep with the presence of external lacrimal fossa, and to the goat with due to the presence of two points (lateral and medial) on the septal process and a significant fissure formed between the nasal, lacrimal, frontal and maxillary bones. In addition to these similarities, the formations which were specific to the roe deer were structures such as the number and position of the lacrimal foramen and presence of an uncertain muscular tubercle in the basilar portion of the occipital bone. In addition, the craniometric parameters specific to the roe deer's skull were determined as the zygomatic, interorbital, neurocranium and nasal lengths.