Spatial variability of depth and salinity of groundwater under irrigated ustifluvents in the Middle Black Sea Region of Turkey

Demir Y., Ersahim S., Guler M., Cemek B., GÜNAL H., Arslan H.

ENVIRONMENTAL MONITORING AND ASSESSMENT, vol.158, no.1-4, pp.279-294, 2009 (SCI-Expanded) identifier identifier

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Volume: 158 Issue: 1-4
  • Publication Date: 2009
  • Doi Number: 10.1007/s10661-008-0582-1
  • Journal Indexes: Science Citation Index Expanded (SCI-EXPANDED), Scopus
  • Page Numbers: pp.279-294
  • Keywords: Evapotranspiration, Groundwater depth, Groundwater salinity, Indicator kriging, Irrigation, SOIL-WATER CONTENT, MAPPING RISK, CONTAMINATION
  • Ondokuz Mayıs University Affiliated: Yes


Information on the potential risk for soil salinity buildup can be very helpful for soil salinity management in irrigated areas. We evaluated the spatial and temporal variability of groundwater salinity (GWS) and groundwater depth (GWD), which are two of the most important indicators of soil salinity, by indicator kriging technique in a large irrigated area in northern Turkey. GWS and GWD were measured on a monthly basis from irrigation season (August 2003) to rainy season (April 2004) at 60 observation wells in the 8,187-ha irrigated area. Five indicator thresholds were used for GWS and GWD. The semivariogram for each of the thresholds for both variables was analyzed then used together with experimental data to interpolate and map the corresponding conditional cumulative distribution functions (CCDF). Risk for soil salinity buildup was greater in the irrigation season compared to that in the rainy season. The greatest risk for soil salinity buildup occurred in the eastern part of the study area, suffering from poor drainage problem due to malfunctioning drainage infrastructure, as indicated by the CCDF of GWS and GWD obtained in both seasons. It was concluded that a combination of mechanical and cultural measures should be taken in high-risk locations to avoid further salinity problems.