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Gürkan S., Barut Y.

Turkish Studies- Comparative Religious Studies, vol.14, no.3, pp.485-495, 2019 (Peer-Reviewed Journal) identifier


As human beings, we are women or men according to our biologicalsex given by birth. Moreover, we are exposed to some references for ourbeing feminine or masculine in the society. These responsibilities, rolesand duties are called gender and gender causes some limits in the life ofwomen and men, but especially for women. The inequalities stemmingfrom these gender roles may lead women stay behind men in the fieldssuch as education, health, law, religion, etc.One of these limits, religion, is claimed to keep women in thebackground and even ignore them from immemorial times with the effectof patriarchy. What lies in the ground of these claims is themisinterpretation of the sacred texts by men.This study carried out with a qualitative method as descriptiveanalyses, aims at revealing Islamic Feminism. In this context firstlygeneral information about feminism was given. Then the paradoxalstructure and the progress of Islamic Feminism were put forth. Duringthis study, some answers to the questions as whether the concepts Islamand Feminism can coexist and whether Islam sets women to thesecondary position were also sought.As a conclusion one of the points that were enlightened is that it ispossible to use the concepts of Islam and Feminism which were regardedas being paradoxal. The concepts “Gender jihad”, used widely inliterature and “re-reading of the Islamic sources”, one of the main aims of Islamic Feminism, were taken metaphorically to make the issue moreunderstandable. Another point is that contrary to the judgments thatdeclare Islam subordinates women do not exist in Islam. The reason forthese kinds of explanations stems from the different traditions of Islamiccountries.