Effect of EDTA and Tannic Acid on the Removal of Cd, Ni, Pb and Cu from Artificially Contaminated Soil by Althaea rosea Cavan

Cay S., Uyanık A., ENGİN M. S., Kutbay H. G.

INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF PHYTOREMEDIATION, vol.17, no.6, pp.568-574, 2015 (SCI-Expanded) identifier identifier identifier

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Volume: 17 Issue: 6
  • Publication Date: 2015
  • Doi Number: 10.1080/15226514.2014.935285
  • Journal Indexes: Science Citation Index Expanded (SCI-EXPANDED), Scopus
  • Page Numbers: pp.568-574
  • Keywords: phytoremediation, tannic acid, EDTA, trace metals, Althaea rosea Cavan, ornamental plant, 3 ORNAMENTAL PLANTS, HEAVY-METALS, ENHANCED PHYTOEXTRACTION, ORGANIC-ACIDS, TOXIC METALS, PHYTOREMEDIATION, MOBILIZATION, CADMIUM
  • Ondokuz Mayıs University Affiliated: Yes


In this study an ornamental plant of Althaea rosea Cavan was investigated for its potential use in the removal of Cd, Ni, Pb and Cu from an artificially contaminated soil. Effect of two different chelating agents on the removal has also been studied by using EDTA (ethylenediaminetetracetic acid) and TA (tannic acid). Both EDTA and TA have led to higher heavy metal concentration in shoots and leaves compared to control plants. However EDTA is generally known as an effective agent in metal solubilisation of soil, in this study, TA was found more effective to induce metal accumulation in Althaea rosea Cavan under the studied conditions. In addition to this, EDTA is toxic to some species and restraining the growth of the plants. The higher BCF (Bio Concentration Factor) and TF (Translocation Factor) values obtained from stems and leaves by the effects of the chemical enhancers (EDTA and TA) show that Althaea rosea Cavan is a hyper accumulator for the studied metals and may be cultivated to clean the contaminated soils.