The effects of some hormone applications on Lilium martagon L. germination and morpholgical characters

Guney K., Çetin M., Guney K. B., Melekoglu A.

Polish Journal of Environmental Studies, vol.26, no.6, pp.2533-2538, 2017 (SCI-Expanded) identifier identifier

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Volume: 26 Issue: 6
  • Publication Date: 2017
  • Doi Number: 10.15244/pjoes/70895
  • Journal Name: Polish Journal of Environmental Studies
  • Journal Indexes: Science Citation Index Expanded (SCI-EXPANDED), Scopus
  • Page Numbers: pp.2533-2538
  • Keywords: Germination, Hormone, Lilium martagon L, Morphological characters, Onion scales
  • Ondokuz Mayıs University Affiliated: No


Lilium martagon L. is a perennial geophyte species belonging to the large Liliaceae family. Its population is at the status of ‘’VU’’ in the Red Data Book of Turkish Plants, and along with many European countries, it is included in Turkey’s list of plants that are endemic and imperiled. This study analyzed the potential of producing Lilium martagon L. with teeth. Four different hormones (IAA: iIndole-3-acetic acid; IBA: indole-3-butyric acid; NAA: naphthylacetic acid; and GA3: gibberellic acid) were applied in three doses (1,000, 3,000, and 5,000 ppm) on apical, medium, and basal parts and after 120 days, six morphological characteristics were determined. According to the results, 1,000 ppm IBA implementation is seen as the most effective hormone dose implementation on morphological characters. According to the effect of fraction position, for all characters the individuals formed by the pieces taken from the bottom parts of teeth are included in the first homogeneous group. Also, it is revealed that each of the apical, medium, and basal parts were obtained by cutting nail-like scales on the corpus in three equal pieces and have the potential for meristematic reproduction ability.