In this work, 3,4-bis(isoproylamino)cyclobut-3-ene-1,2-dione C10H16N2O2 (I), was synthesized and characterized by C-13 NMR, H-1 NMR, FT-IR. UV-vis spectroscopy and single-crystal X-ray diffraction. DFT method with 6-31G(d,p) basis set has been used to calculate the optimized geometrical parameters, atomic charges, vibrational frequencies and chemical shift values. The calculated vibrational frequencies and chemical shift values are compared with experimental FT-IR and NMR spectra. The results of the calculation shows good agreement between experimental and calculated values of the compound I. The existence of N-H center dot center dot center dot O type intermolecular ve C-H center dot center dot center dot O type intramolecular hydrogen bonds can be deduced from differences between experimental and calculated results of FT-IR and NMR. In addition, the molecular electrostatic potential map and frontier molecular orbitals and electronic absorption spectra were performed at B3LYP/6-31G(d,p) level of theory. HOMO-LUMO electronic transition of 4.90 eV are derived from the contribution of the bands pi -> pi(center dot) and n -> pi(center dot) The spectral results obtained from FT-IR, NMR and X-ray of I revealed that the compound I is in predominantly enamine tautomeric form, which was supported by DFT calculations. (C) 2011 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.