Rapid immunofiltration assay based on colloidal gold-protein G conjugate as an alternative screening test for bovine and ovine brucellosis

Genç O., Büyüktanır Yaş Ö., Yurdusev N.

TROPICAL ANIMAL HEALTH AND PRODUCTION, vol.44, no.2, pp.213-215, 2012 (SCI-Expanded) identifier identifier identifier

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Volume: 44 Issue: 2
  • Publication Date: 2012
  • Doi Number: 10.1007/s11250-011-0019-7
  • Journal Indexes: Science Citation Index Expanded (SCI-EXPANDED), Scopus
  • Page Numbers: pp.213-215
  • Keywords: Non-enzymatic immunofiltration assay, Ovine and bovine brucellosis, ELISA, CFT, RBT, SEROLOGICAL DIAGNOSIS, MELITENSIS, CAPRINE, SHEEP
  • Ondokuz Mayıs University Affiliated: Yes


A non-enzymatic rapid immunofiltration assay (NERIFA) was developed as an alternative field test for rapid detection of anti-Brucella antibody in bovine and ovine sera. The assay was based on Brucella abortus lipopolysaccharide as diagnostic antigen and colloidal gold particle-protein G conjugate as detection reagent. Its diagnostic performance was evaluated using undiluted well-defined positive and negative serum samples in comparison with Rose Bengal test (RBT), complement fixation test (CFT) and a commercial and an in-house indirect enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA). A perfect test agreement was found between NERIFA and ELISAs by kappa statistics. In addition, McNemar's analysis of the results showed that the RBT for bovine sera and the CFT for ovine sera were found significantly less performant than indirect ELISAs and NERIFA. The results of the present study indicated that the NERIFA could be considered as a simple, rapid, and accurate field test for screening of ovine and bovine brucellosis. Therefore, this test constitutes a high potential to be used as an alternative model particularly in brucellosis prevalent tropical and subtropical geographical areas.