Investigating the effectiveness of rice husk-derived low-cost activated carbon in removing environmental pollutants: a study of its characterization

Kaya N., Carus Özkeser E., Yıldız Uzun Z.

International Journal of Phytoremediation, 2023 (SCI-Expanded) identifier identifier

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Publication Date: 2023
  • Doi Number: 10.1080/15226514.2023.2246584
  • Journal Name: International Journal of Phytoremediation
  • Journal Indexes: Science Citation Index Expanded (SCI-EXPANDED), Scopus, Academic Search Premier, Aerospace Database, Agricultural & Environmental Science Database, Aquatic Science & Fisheries Abstracts (ASFA), BIOSIS, Biotechnology Research Abstracts, CAB Abstracts, Communication Abstracts, EMBASE, INSPEC, MEDLINE, Metadex, Pollution Abstracts, Veterinary Science Database, Civil Engineering Abstracts
  • Keywords: Adsorption, CO2 capture, KOH-activated biochar, methyl red, pyrolysis, rice husk
  • Ondokuz Mayıs University Affiliated: Yes


The chemically activated biochar was produced through the pyrolysis of rice husk. Thermal gravimetric and elemental analysis were conducted to characterize the raw rice husk. The activated biochar product underwent evaluation through SEM, BET and, FT-IR analysis. This cost-effective activated carbon was utilized as an adsorbent for the elimination of environmental pollutants. At a temperature of 25 °C, the activated biochar product exhibited an impressive maximum CO2 adsorption capacity of 152 mg/g. This exceptional performance can be attributed to its notable surface area and porosity, measuring at 2,298 m2/g and 0.812 cm3/g, respectively. This product was also utilized to remove methyl red (MR) dye from an aqueous solution. The optimal parameters for the removal of MR were determined as follows: a pH of 6.0, a temperature of 25 °C, an initial MR concentration of 50 mg/L, and an adsorbent dosage of 0.4 g/L. At a duration of 140 min, the system attained its maximum equilibrium adsorption capacity, reaching a value of 62.06 mg/g. Furthermore, the calculated maximum MR removal efficiency stood at an impressive 99.31%. The thermodynamic studies demonstrated that the MR removal process was spontaneous, exothermic, and increased randomness. Kinetic studies suggested that the pseudo-second-order model can fit well.