In this study, associations between IL-4, IL-6, and macrophage migration inhibitory factor (MIF) polymorphisms and susceptibility to brucellosis were investigated. Consecutive adult patients with no known treatment against brucellosis and who did not have any other autoimmune and/or chronic disorders, were included in this study (n = 120, Group I). Age and sex-matched controls who had no other autoimmune and/or chronic disorders were also included (n = 120, healthy volunteers, Group II). The IL4_P2P2 genotype, IL4_P1 allele, and IL4_variable number of tandem repeats (VNTR)_IL6-174CG compound genotype were found to be more frequent in the patient group than in control subjects. There were significant differences between the patients and controls with respect to the frequencies of the IL4_P2P2 genotype (77.5% versus 87.5%; p = 0.001; OR, 0.36; 95% confidence interval [CI], 0.21-0.62) and the IL4_P1 allele (12.1% versus 6.7%; p = 0.030; OR, 0.92; CI, 1.02-3.64). The IL4-VNTR_IL6-174CG compound genotype was also present at a significantly higher frequency in the patient group than in control subjects (11.7% versus 4.2%; p = 0.027, OR, 3.04; CI, 1.06-8.68). No statistically significant differences in the frequencies of the IL-6-174, MIF-173, IL-4_ P1P1, and IL4_P2P1 genotypes were observed between patients and control subjects. The IL4_VNTR P1 allele, P2P2 genotypes, and IL4-VNTR_IL6-174CG P2P1-GG genotypes are common in southern Turkey, and carriers of these polymorphisms are susceptible to brucellosis.