The aim of this study was to express the zwf gene of Synechococcus sp. PCC 7942 in zwf mutant Escherichia coli DF214 cells and to analyse glucose-6-phosphate dehydrogenase (G6PDH) activity. Initially, mutant cells were transformed with plasmid pNUT1 containing a Synechococcus sp. PCC 7942 zwf gene with a 1 kb upstream region that is expected to contain promoter elements. Transformant DF214 cells were not complemented by this fragment in a glucose minimal medium, nor did they exhibit statistically meaningful G6PDH activity. Therefore, the zwf gene was cloned in the lac operon to express the Zwf as a fusion protein; this yielded the construct pSG162. The pSG162 transformant E. coli DF214 cells were complemented in a glucose minimal medium, indicating that cyanobacterial Zwf protein fused with the part of LacZ' polypeptide, enabling the cells to utilize glucose via the oxidative pentose phosphate pathway. Compared with wild-type E. coli cells, approximately ten times more G6PDH activity was measured in transformant cells. This indicated that the Synechococcus sp. PCC 7942 zwf gene was expressed under the control of the E. coli lac promoter as a fusion protein and the zwf product was converted into an active G6PDH form. Analyses was also carried out to determine whether dithiothreitol (DTT) was an in vitro reducing agent affected the enzyme activity, as was previously reported for this cyanobacterial strain. The results showed no variation in enzyme activity in the reduced assay conditions. Therefore, the zwf mutant E. coli strain DF214 was found to provide a rapid system for analysis of cyanobacterial G6PDH enzymes, but not for the redox state analysis of this enzyme.