Contribution to the phytosociology and conservation of tertiary relict species in Northeastern Anatolia (Turkey)

Eminagaoglu O., Kutbay H. G., Bilgin A., Yalcin E.

BELGIAN JOURNAL OF BOTANY, vol.139, no.1, pp.124-130, 2006 (SCI-Expanded) identifier

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Volume: 139 Issue: 1
  • Publication Date: 2006
  • Journal Indexes: Science Citation Index Expanded (SCI-EXPANDED)
  • Page Numbers: pp.124-130
  • Keywords: Artvin, Camili, Colhic, syntaxonomy, vegetation, western lesser Caucasus
  • Ondokuz Mayıs University Affiliated: Yes


We investigated the phytosociological structure of the Quercus pontica-Betula medwediewii community in the Artvin province in northeastern Anatolia (Turkey). The Querco ponticii-Betuletum medwediewii association was scattered at an altitude of 1300-1700 in on south, west, southwest, southeast and northwest facing slopes. The Geranio-Pinion alliance was characterized by Hypericum bithynicum. The main components of the Pino-Piceetalia orientalis were Picea orientalis and Abies nordmanniana subsp. nordmanniana. The components of the Geranio-Pinion alliance and the Pino-Piceetalia orientalis order were well represented in this association and should be considered within those syntaxa units. Northeastern Anatolia has a unique flora and is a relictual refuge for many plant species that are remnants of the ancient Mediterranean flora. Ten endemic taxa were found in the study area. According to a CCA ordination, pH and clay content are the most significant soil parameters determining community composition.