Long-term evaluation of sandblasted and acid-etched implants used as orthodontic anchors in dogs

Aldikaçti M., Açikgöz G., Türk T., Trisi P.

American Journal of Orthodontics and Dentofacial Orthopedics, vol.125, no.2, pp.139-147, 2004 (SCI-Expanded) identifier identifier identifier


The aim of this study was the clinical, radiographic, and histologic evaluation of the tissue surrounding SLA (sandblasted and acid-etched) implants loaded with a continuous and constant force for 52 weeks, after a healing period of 6 weeks, after implant insertion. SLA implants were placed in the maxilla of 3 dogs and the mandible of 5 dogs after a 12-week healing period after extraction. Abutments were attached to the 6 test implants (2 in the maxilla, 4 in the mandible). Superelastic nickel-titanium coil springs were activated between the SLA implants and the canines, producing a force of 200 g (2 N). Two unloaded implants (1 in the maxilla, 1 in the mandible) served as controls. Histologic analysis showed a corticalization of bone trabeculae, thicker at the loaded than at the unloaded implants. New bone formation at the level of the crest was slightly superior in the test implants. A difference between the tension and compression areas could not be observed in the test implants. The mean bone-implant contact values of the test implants for the maxilla and mandible were 40.23% and 49.33%, respectively. In the control implants, the bone-implant contact value was 67.91% for the maxilla and 49.23% for the mandible. SLA implants can be used as an anchorage unit with confidence, in spite of a short healing period and a prolonged force application. Further studies with different force magnitudes and healing periods are required to clarify the effects of healing period and force magnitude on bone quality and quantity.