Caring Of A Mental-Impaired Child At Home And Nursing Approach

GÖNENER H. D., Guler Y., Altay B., Acil D. A.

EUROPEAN JOURNAL OF THERAPEUTICS, vol.16, no.2, pp.57-65, 2010 (ESCI) identifier

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Volume: 16 Issue: 2
  • Publication Date: 2010
  • Journal Indexes: Emerging Sources Citation Index (ESCI)
  • Page Numbers: pp.57-65
  • Keywords: Mental-impaired child, Caring at home, Nursing care
  • Ondokuz Mayıs University Affiliated: Yes


Intelligence is an whole aptitude which results in coordination of a person's lots of mental abilities. The last definition about the mental impaired children was made by American Association Mental Retardation, According to this definiton, a mental-impaired person can't fulfill his/her mental function entirely and show his/her ability in social, conceptual and practical accordance skills, This disability begins before 18 years old. The World Health Organization expressed that there are 2 or 3% of mental impaired people in a society. The most outstanding feature of a mental-impaired child is that his/her development Is slower than his/her peers, This retardation is seen in all development stages. The etiologic factor of a major of mental impairment isn't known but it is thought that the external factors like infection, trauma and toxins, prenatal, perinatal or postnatal factors, birth problems and genetic factors cause the mental impairment. Mental impairment requires long term medical impairment and caring and caring at home provides children to feel themselves more comfortable, happier and more free. Among the health disdplines, in services of caring at home, the caring role is the duty of nursing profession. Lots of nursing enterprise must be carried out to raise the mental-impaired children's health levels. In addition to help child and his/her parents in daily life activities, nurses must improve the methods about coping with the protection and assimilation of their mental health in depression period,