Twenty populations of kale (Brassica oleracea var. acephala L.) selected from 127 populations in terms of yield and leaf quality characteristics as superior types using weight-based ranking method from the Black Sea Region of Turkey were evaluated at the DNA level using randomly amplified polymorphic DNA (RAPD) markers compared to some morphological characters. The seven primers selected from 100 decamers used generated 110 bands, of which 60 (54.5%) were polymorphic. Jaccard's genetic distances were calculated and dendrogram was generated using the UPGMA algorithm. The dendrogram obtained was classified into three main groups and four subgroups. The accessions showed a limited clustering as compared to morphological characters such as the number of leaves, intentation of the leaf margin, leaf and midrib color, and thickness of midrib, than geographical characteristics. Leaf color and midrib thickness characters clustered in the same group as OR49 and G18 accessions; S20, G6, and OR37 accessions, respectively.