Polyacanthoside A, a new oleanane-type triterpenoid saponin with cytotoxic effects from the leaves of Acacia polyacantha (Fabaceae)

Fotso G., Na-Iya J., Mbaveng A., Ango Yves P., Demirtas I., Kuete V., ...More

Natural Product Research, vol.33, no.24, pp.3521-3526, 2019 (SCI-Expanded) identifier identifier

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Volume: 33 Issue: 24
  • Publication Date: 2019
  • Doi Number: 10.1080/14786419.2018.1486312
  • Journal Name: Natural Product Research
  • Journal Indexes: Science Citation Index Expanded (SCI-EXPANDED), Scopus
  • Page Numbers: pp.3521-3526
  • Keywords: 3-O-methyl-D-Chiro-inositol, Acacia polyacantha, cytotoxicity, drug resistant phenotypes, Fabaceae, leukemia cells, polyacanthoside A
  • Ondokuz Mayıs University Affiliated: No


The chemical investigation of the leaves and stem bark of Acacia polyacantha (Fabaceae) led to the isolation of a new oleanane-type triterpenoid saponin named polyacanthoside A 1 together with fifteen known compounds. Their structures were established from spectral, mainly HRESIMS, 1D NMR and 2D NMR and by comparison with literature data. The cytotoxicity of compound 1 and the analogues 8 as well as doxorubicin was determined in a panel of 9 cancer cell lines including sensitive and drug resistant phenotypes. Unlike the analogue 8, compound 1 as well as doxorubicin displayed cytotoxic effects in all the 9 tested cancer cell lines with IC50 values ranged from 8.90 μM (towards CCRF-CEM leukemia cells) to 35.21 μM (towards HepG2 hepatocarcinoma cells) for compound 1 and from 0.02 μM (towards CCRF-CEM leukemia cells) to 66.83 μM (against CEM/ADR5000 leukemia cells) for doxorubicin.