8. Uluslararası Sağlık Bilimleri ve Yönetimi Kongresi, Trabzon, Turkey, 2 - 06 May 2023, pp.1
Problem of the Study: Health cognitions and health-seeking behavior are concepts used to express human behaviors related to disease-related situations. The common point of both concepts is to fight against diseases. Therefore, it is important to determine the relationship between the two concepts.
Purpose of the Study: This study aims to explain the relationship between health-seeking behavior of individuals and their health cognitions.
Method: The sample of this study, which was designed with a quantitative method, consists of 388 individuals aged 18 and over living in Samsun. Data were collected by questionnaire method using Health Seeking Behavior Scale (Kıraç & Öztürk, 2019), and Health Cognition Scale (Altay & Yüksel, 2019). The data of the study were obtained by independent sample t-test, one-way ANOVA, and Pearson correlation analysis.
Results: While there was no significant difference between Health Cognitions and gender, age, marital status, income and educational status (p>0.05), a significant difference was found with chronic disease (p<0.05). While there was no significant difference between Health Seeking Behavior and gender, age, marital status, chronic disease and income (p>0.05), there was a significant difference with educational status (p<0.05). A low-level significant relationship was found between individuals' health cognitions and health-seeking behaviors (r=0.141; p<0.05).
Conclusions: As a result of the study, it was found that there is a relationship between health cognitions and health seeking behavior. It is recommended to increase the number of studies that examine these two concepts in detail.
Keywords: Disease, Health Cognitions, Health Seeking Behavior.