A Study on Determination of Anatomical and Micromorphological Properties of Capsella bursa-pastoris (L.) Medik. (Brassicaceae) in Turkey

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Karadeniz Fen Bilimleri Dergisi, vol.10, no.1, pp.27-35, 2020 (Peer-Reviewed Journal) identifier

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Volume: 10 Issue: 1
  • Publication Date: 2020
  • Doi Number: 10.31466/kfbd.653641
  • Journal Name: Karadeniz Fen Bilimleri Dergisi
  • Journal Indexes: TR DİZİN (ULAKBİM)
  • Page Numbers: pp.27-35
  • Ondokuz Mayıs University Affiliated: Yes


In this study, we aimed to reveal the anatomical features of Capsella bursa-pastoris (L.) Medik., a medicinal plant. Samples of C. pastoris taxon were collected from Tokat and its environs in June 2018. The collected samples were placed in 70% alcohol and fixed. Transversal section sections were taken from the root, stem and petiole of the plant for anatomical research. Both transversal section and superficial sections were taken of the leaves by hand. There were 2-3 rows of periderm cells on the outermost part of the root transversal section section of the plant. In the stem transversal section, the collenchyma was in the form of a continuous ring of 7-8 rows, just below epidermis. Sclerenchyma forms an intervascular ring. The epidermis cells on the lower and upper surfaces of the leaf were single-row. The leaves were bifacial type. Palisade parenchyma cells were in 1-2 rows. The sponge parenchyma was 3-4 stratified The epidermal cell edges of the lower surface of the leaf of C. bursa-pastoris were wavier than the upper surface cell edges. Stomata were anisocytic. The vascular bundle in the petiole mid-vessel region of the taxon was large and 4-5 of them. The vascular bundles were surrounded by a sclerenchymatic scabbard. The petiole epidermis was monolayer and had cuticle on the surfaces. The fruit of the taxon was heart-shaped and had a striate pattern. Seed shape was elliptical, striate- undulate cell shaped, cell wall thickening was very pronounced. Ornamentations were reticulate. Wax was observed on the abaxial and adaxial surface of the leaf. Corolla surface showed very intense longitudinal cuticular folds. Sepal surface had plenty of sail-shaped papillae. As a result, the root, stem, leaf anatomical features, and fruit, seed, leaf sepal and petal micromorphological features of C. bursa-pastoris had been revealed in detail.