High-temperature corrosion and oxidation properties of borided CoCrFeNiAl0.5Nb0.5 HEA

Döleker K. M., Özgürlük Y., Gokcekaya O., Günen A., Erdoğan A.

Surface and Coatings Technology, vol.470, 2023 (SCI-Expanded) identifier

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Volume: 470
  • Publication Date: 2023
  • Doi Number: 10.1016/j.surfcoat.2023.129856
  • Journal Name: Surface and Coatings Technology
  • Journal Indexes: Science Citation Index Expanded (SCI-EXPANDED), Scopus, Academic Search Premier, PASCAL, Aerospace Database, Biotechnology Research Abstracts, Chemical Abstracts Core, Chimica, Communication Abstracts, Compendex, INSPEC, Metadex, Civil Engineering Abstracts
  • Keywords: Boriding, High entropy alloy, High temperature, Hot corrosion, Oxidation
  • Ondokuz Mayıs University Affiliated: Yes


This study is focused on a detailed investigation of high-temperature corrosion and oxidation behavior of borided CoCrFeNiAl0.5Nb0.5 HEAs, considering their use in advanced engineering applications. CoCrFeNiAl0.5Nb0.5 HEA was produced by arc melting. XRD and SEM-EDS analysis before boriding determined that the alloy consisted of four different phases with different chemical compositions. Powder-pack boriding of a CoCrFeNiAl0.5Nb0.5 HEA was performed at 1000 °C for 3 h in a boriding media containing 90 % boron carbide and 10 % sodium tetrafluoroborate. As a result of the boriding process, complex boride layers consisting of (CoFe)B2, CrFeB, CoNbB, FeB and NiB phases were obtained on the surface with a thickness of 40 μm and hardness of 3004 HV. it was determined that the microstructure with cauliflower appearance evolved towards a dense and non-porous appearance around 20 μm as the boron diffusing into the HEA microstructure filling the gaps of intermetallic compound in the single structure, HEA and borided HEAs were each subjected to a cyclic hot corrosion test at 900 °C in molten corrosion salts of Na2SO4 and V2O5. After hot corrosion tests, long rod-like structures were observed in both samples due to the excessive corrosion, while borided alloys were more resistant to hot corrosion damage. After oxidation tests, HEA consists of a compact protective alumina scale that provided better oxidation resistance, while non-protective mixed oxides with cracks were dominant in the borided HEA.