Investigations into effects on performance and glutathione peroxidase activity in broilers when increasing selenium contents of complete diets appropriate to animals' selenium requirements by adding different selenium compounds (organic vs. inorganic)

Salman M., Muglali O. H., Selçuk Z.

DEUTSCHE TIERARZTLICHE WOCHENSCHRIFT, vol.116, no.6, pp.233-237, 2009 (SCI-Expanded) identifier

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Volume: 116 Issue: 6
  • Publication Date: 2009
  • Doi Number: 10.2376/0341-6593-116-233
  • Journal Indexes: Science Citation Index Expanded (SCI-EXPANDED)
  • Page Numbers: pp.233-237
  • Keywords: broiler, organic selenium, inorganic selenium, glutathione peroxidase, VITAMIN-E, TISSUES, MEAT
  • Ondokuz Mayıs University Affiliated: Yes


The aim of this study was to compare the effects of inorganic and organic selenium compounds supplementations to diets containing adequate selenium in broilers on performance, carcass traits, plasma and tissue glutathione peroxidase activity. A total of 150 one-day old broilers were randomized into one control and two treatment groups each containing 50 birds; each group was then divided into 3 replicate groups. The experiment lasted 42 days. All groups were fed with broiler starter diet from day 1 to 21 and finisher diet from day 22 to 42. The basal diet for control group included adequate selenium due to vitamin-mineral premix and feeds. The basal diet was supplemented with 0.2 mg/kg organic selenium (selenomethionine, treatment group 1) and 0.2 mg/kg inorganic selenium (sodium selenite, treatment group 2). Although no significant differences were determined between treatment group I and the control group for mean body weights, the differences between the group given inorganic selenium and the other groups were statistically significant (p < 0.01). There was no significant difference between control and treatment groups with regard to mean feed intake and feed efficiency. The dressing percentages of the second treatment group were found to be lower than the first treatment group. Treatment groups were observed to have increased levels of glutathione peroxidase in plasma (p < 0.01), kidney (p < 0.05), femoral muscle (p < 0.05), heart (p < 0.01) and liver tissue (p < 0.01) compared with the control group. Results of this study indicated that the supplementation of organic selenium to diets containing adequate selenium increased plasma, liver, femoral muscle, kidney and heart tissue glutathione peroxidase activity in broilers.