The interaction of cysteine (RSH) with a thiazide diuretic, hydrochlorothiazide (HCTZ) was characterized by UV-Vis absorption spectroscopy and square-wave voltammetry in Britton-Robinson (B-R) buffer solution (with pH 5, 7 and 9). On the square-wave voltamogram of cysteine, the reduction peak current of mercurous cysteine thiolate (Hg-2(RS)(2)) decreased and its peak potential shifted to more positive values with the addition of HCTZ. This results showed that the RSH interacted with HCTZ. The stoichiometry of HCTZ-RSH molecular complex was determined by voltammetric data with the result of 1: 1. By using linear regression analysis of the voltammetric data at pH 5, 7 and 9, the apparent formation constants of HCTZ-RSH complex were calculated to be 9.54 x 10(3), 2.80 x 10(4) and 2.55 x 10(4) M-1, respectively. At the same time, this interaction was also supported by UV-Vis spectroscopic measurements. According to the voltammetric and spectroscopic results, it was suggested that the interaction mode between RSH and HCTZ molecules might be a combination of hydrophobic interactions and hydrogen bonds.