Irrigation frequencies and corn (Zea mays L.) yield relation in Northern Turkey

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Kara T., Biber C.

Pakistan Journal of Biological Sciences, vol.11, no.1, pp.123-126, 2008 (Scopus) identifier identifier


A field experiment was conducted during summer season of 2005 at the Research Station (altitude 180 m above sea level, 41°21′N and 36°15′E) Faculty of Agriculture, Ondokuz Mayis University, Samsun, Turkey. Experiment consisted of three irrigation levels and a non-irrigation level. Drip irrigation treatments consisted of three soil water deficits in the 90 cm soil profile depth was replenished to field capacity. Irrigation treatments were A: no irrigation, B: irrigation at 50% of available soil water capacity, C: irrigation at 30% of available soil water capacity, D: irrigation at 15% of available soil water capacity. The average seasonal water use values ranged from 257.14 to 285.71 mm in corn treatments. Irrigation frequencies (intervals) significantly affected corn crop yields. The average corn grain yields varied from 7.98 to 29.16 t ha-1. The treatment D was recorded significantly higher corn grain yield 29.16 t ha-1 compared to B (21.59 t ha-1); C (19.15 t ha-1) and A (7.98 t ha -1), respectively. According to research results, the maximum corn gram yield was obtained when the corn plants were irrigated at 15% of available soil water capacity to field capacity. © 2008 Asian Network for Scientific Information.