Alternative Bioremediation Agents against Haloacids, Haloacetates and Chlorpyrifos Using Novel Halogen-Degrading Bacterial Isolates from the Hypersaline Lake Tuz

Creative Commons License

Oyewusi H. A., Wahab R. A., Kaya Y., Edbeib M. F., Huyop F.

CATALYSTS, vol.10, no.6, 2020 (SCI-Expanded) identifier identifier

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Volume: 10 Issue: 6
  • Publication Date: 2020
  • Doi Number: 10.3390/catal10060651
  • Journal Name: CATALYSTS
  • Journal Indexes: Science Citation Index Expanded (SCI-EXPANDED), Scopus, Academic Search Premier, Aerospace Database, CAB Abstracts, Communication Abstracts, INSPEC, Metadex, Directory of Open Access Journals, Civil Engineering Abstracts
  • Keywords: Biodegradation, dehalogenase-producing bacteria, haloalkanoic acids, haloacetate, chlorpyrifos, Tuz Golu, SALINE WASTE-WATER, SP. NOV., DEHALOGENASE, BIODEGRADATION, IDENTIFICATION, ENVIRONMENTS, DIVERSITY, TURKEY, ALPHA, GOLU
  • Ondokuz Mayıs University Affiliated: Yes


The indiscriminate use of chemical pesticides alongside the expansion of large-scale industries globally can critically jeopardize marine ecology and the well-being of mankind. This is because the agricultural runoffs and industrial effluents eventually enter waterways before flowing into highly saline environments i.e., oceans. Herein, the study assessed two novel bacterial isolates,Bacillus subtilisstrain H1 andBacillus thuringiensisstrain H2 from the hypersaline Lake Tuz in Turkey to degrade recalcitrant haloalkanoic acids, haloacetates and chlorpyrifos, and consequently, identify their optimal pollutant concentrations, pH and temperature alongside salt-tolerance thresholds.Bacillusstrains H1 and H2 optimally degraded 2,2-dichloropropionic acid (2,2-DCP) under similar incubation conditions (pH 8.0, 30 degrees C), except the latter preferred a higher concentration of pollutants as well as salinity at 30 mM and 35%, respectively, while strain H1 grew well on 20 mM at <30%. While both isolates could degrade all substrates used, the dehalogenase gene from strain H1 could not be amplified. Capacity of the H2 bacterial isolate to degrade 2,2-DCP was affirmed by the detection of the 795 bp putative halotolerant dehalogenase gene after a successful polymerase chain reaction (PCR) amplification. Hence, the findings envisage the potential of both isolates as bio-degraders of recalcitrant halogenated compounds and those of the same chemical family as chlorpyrifos, in saline environments.