Turkish Studies (Elektronik), vol.10, no.2, pp.221-234, 2015 (Peer-Reviewed Journal) identifier

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Volume: 10 Issue: 2
  • Publication Date: 2015
  • Journal Name: Turkish Studies (Elektronik)
  • Journal Indexes: TR DİZİN (ULAKBİM)
  • Page Numbers: pp.221-234
  • Ondokuz Mayıs University Affiliated: Yes


Introduction: The foundation of the society definitely consists ofthe families. One of the main reasons of this is that families bringchildren who are the source of the next generation into the World.Parents have big responsibilities for preparing their children to thesocial life. In changing World, parents’ duties are not only meeting theneeds of basic psychological necessities like nutritional requirementand harbouring of their children, but also they must show an interestand love to their children and help them to maximize their personaldevelopment. Attitudes of parents to each other and their childrenconstitute the first samples in children’s lives. Because of this reality,the relations in the family should be healthy relationship requiredmutual love and respect. Violence should be not become manner of selfexpressionof a person. Researchers conducted show that violencetendencies especially among children reach critical extents recently(Çeçen, 2012; Manap, 2012; Bütün et. al, 2013; Demir, 2013; Şener, 2013:7). Violence is using power to damage other people without anyright (Öğülmüş, 2007: 74). According to Schultz, violence is one of thedefense mechanisms for survival (Lore & Schultz, 1996: 24-28). Parents’violent attitudes directed to their children in the family and children’sviolent attitudes and behaviours directed to their parents cause thatchildren exhibit attitudes directed to violence in normal life as well.Child continues his/her violence behaviour reflected his/her behavioursin family whether in school environment or other friends’ environment.Tendencies to violence in the family also rise to the occasion in differentforms (Ayan, 2007: 206-214). Families have an important role indeveloping social attitudes of individual. Since, socialization begins inthe family. The children having adjustment disorder are products ofunsuccessful mother-father-child relationship (Üstün et. al, 2007:111).Interaction styles of mother and father with each other can help us inestimating children’s moral development (Walker & Henning, 1999:359). Races, ethnic background, existing geographical regions, believes,genders, childhood experiences, and concerns have big effects onparents’ attitudes in bringing up children (Budd et. al, 2012: 258-260).Schools are undoubtedly one of the places where violence is seeingmost. To prevent violence in schools, studies can be done likeincreasing the number of psychological counselors attendant in schoolsaccording to student numbers, providing educations for students todevelop problem solving skills, taking violence preventive precautions byschool management before violence occurs, putting students numbers * This study made from the Yasin DEMIR master's thesis, Istanbul 2013 World Congress of Psychological Counselingand Guidance (8-11 September 2013) was presented as verbal. The study was hosted by BAP.Project No: PYO. EGF.1904.12.005Öğrencilerin Anne Baba Tutumlarını Algılama Biçimleri ve Şiddete Eğilimleri 223Turkish StudiesInternational Periodical For the Languages, Literature and History of Turkish or TurkicVolume 10/2 Winter 2015in order according to classes physical conditions and teacher numbers,attaching importance to teacher-student-school and parent interaction,focusing attention on social activities intended to students, providingeducations to parents and teachers for violence applications, providingeducations of humanistic values, transmitting toleration, love andrespect values to students, preventing violence encouraging broadcastin media, raising awareness of teachers about what they can do againstbehaviours including violence, being paid much more interests with thestudents individually problems by experts (Üstün, Yılmaz, and Kırbaş,2007: 129-130; Ersanlı, 2007: 220-221; Göktaş, 2007: 294; Gözütok,2008: 254-258).Aim: The aim of this study is to exhibit that is there anysignificant difference between parents’ attitudes perceived by studentsand their violence tendencies.Method: This research is a descriptive survey model study tryingto determine perception manners of parents’ attitudes of 6. 7. and 8.class secondary school students. The population of the researchconsists of 3781 (1850 girl and 2021 boy) students educated in publicschools from Samsun province Terme district in 2011-2012 school year.Research sample consists of 682 6. 7. and 8. class willing studentsselected with random sampling method from 7 schools in 12 schools inSamsun province Terme district. After missing filled and destroyed datacollection tools were removed, 684 scales were received forconsideration and research sample was constituted.Data Collection Tools:Parent Attitude Scale: Parent Attitude Scale was developed byLamborn, Mounts, Steinberg and Dornbush in 1991 and was adaptedby Yılmaz in 2000. Scale comprise of 26 items. As regards to answersgiven to the scales, parents’ attitudes perceived by children arecategorized as democratic, authoritative, tolerant and negligent.Attitude Scale directed to violence: Attitude Scale directed toviolence was developed by Blevins in 2001 to measure the tendency toviolence of students. Attitude Scale directed to violence has one factor.Scale consists of 11 items and has four grading. It is wanted fromindividuals ranking per statement among 1 and 4 (1=totally disagree,2=disagree, 3=agree, 4=totally agree). Points given to the items bystudents are added up and total point is obtained. Obtained total pointstates tendency to violence of individuals not transformed to behavioryet. High points from the scale show that attitudes to violence andtendency to violence is high.Findings: According to the findings from the study, while studentswho have the lowest attitudes to violence perceived their parents asdemocratic, on the other hand, students who have the highest attitud
Bu çalışmanın amacı öğrencilerinin anne baba tutumlarını algılama biçimleri ve şiddete yönelik eğilimlerinin farklılaşıp farklılaşmadığının ortaya konulmasıdır. Bu araştırmanın evrenini Samsun ilinin Terme ilçesinde öğrenim gören 6., 7. ve 8. sınıf öğrencileri oluşturmaktadır. Araştırmanın örneklemini ise 296 kız, 338 erkek öğrenci olmak üzere toplam 634 öğrenci oluşturmuştur. Araştırmada tarama modeli kullanılmıştır. Araştırmanın veri toplama araçları olarak 2001 yılında Blevins tarafından geliştirilen ve 2005 yılında Buluş, Duru ve Balkıs tarafından Türkçeye çevrilen Şiddete Yönelik Tutum Ölçeği ve 2000 yılında Yılmaz tarafından geliştirilen Anne Baba Tutum Ölçekleri kullanılmıştır. Verilerin istatistiksel analizi için SPSS 17 programı kullanılmış; veriler non-parametrik olarak saptandığı için Kruskal Wallis ve Mann Whitney U testleri uygulanmıştır. Araştırma sonucunda en düşük şiddete yönelik tutum puanına sahip olan öğrenciler anne-babalarını 'Demokratik' algılayan öğrenciler olurken, en fazla şiddete yönelik tutum puanına sahip olan öğrenciler ise anne-babalarını 'İhmalkâr' algılayan öğrenciler olmuştur. Anne-baba tutumlarını demokratik algılayan öğrencilerin şiddete eğilimleri; ihmalkâr ve hoşgörülü algılayanlara göre daha düşük olarak saptanmıştır. Anne-baba tutumlarını otoriter algılayan öğrencilerin şiddete eğilimlerinin; hoşgörülü ve ihmalkâr algılayanlara göre daha düşük olduğu görülmüştür. Anne-baba tutumlarını hoşgörülü algılayanların şiddete eğilimleri; ihmalkâr algılayanlardan daha düşük düzeyde olduğu saptanmıştır. Araştırmada elde edilen diğer bir bulguya göre ise anne-baba tutumlarını demokratik algılayan öğrenciler ile otoriter algılayan öğrencilerin şiddete eğilimleri arasında anlamlı bir fark yoktur