EDTA Supported Phytoextraction of Cd from Contaminated Soil by Four Different Ornamental Plant Species

ÇAY S., Uyanık A., ENGİN M. S.

SOIL & SEDIMENT CONTAMINATION, vol.25, no.3, pp.346-355, 2016 (SCI-Expanded) identifier identifier

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Volume: 25 Issue: 3
  • Publication Date: 2016
  • Doi Number: 10.1080/15320383.2016.1138448
  • Journal Indexes: Science Citation Index Expanded (SCI-EXPANDED), Scopus
  • Page Numbers: pp.346-355
  • Keywords: phytoextraction, ornamental plants, Cd, EDTA, translocation factor, bioconcentration factor, HEAVY-METALS, ASSISTED PHYTOEXTRACTION, ZEA-MAYS, CADMIUM, PHYTOREMEDIATION, ACCUMULATION, CHROMIUM, PB, MOBILIZATION, TOLERANCE
  • Ondokuz Mayıs University Affiliated: Yes


In this study, some ornamental plant species such as Althaea rosea Cavan, Lonicera japonica Thunb, Salvia virgata Jacq. (Lamiaceae), and Dahlia hybrida growing in the natural vegetation of Black Sea Region (Turkey) were investigated for their phytoextraction potential of cadmium (Cd) from artificially contaminated soil of 10, 25, 50, and 100mg/kg concentration under pot conditions. Effect of ethylenediaminetetracetic acid (EDTA) on this removal has also been studied. To evaluate the removal efficiency of the studied plants, the bioconcentration factor (BCF) and translocation factor (TF) values were also calculated. Higher BCF and TF values obtained from stems and leaves of A. rosea Cavan, L. japonica Thunb, and S. virgata Jacq. (Lamiaceae) show that those plants might be cultivated and used as hyperaccumulators in the removal of Cd from the contaminated soils. EDTA enhanced the Cd phytoextraction in plants; however, at the same time it resulted in a slight decrease in the dry matter.