Prevalence and Antibiotic Resistance of Salmonella Enteritidis and Salmonella Typhimurium in Ground Beef and Meatball Samples in Samsun, Turkey

Sırıken B., Al G., Erol I.

MICROBIAL DRUG RESISTANCE, vol.26, no.2, pp.136-144, 2020 (SCI-Expanded) identifier identifier identifier

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Volume: 26 Issue: 2
  • Publication Date: 2020
  • Doi Number: 10.1089/mdr.2018.0481
  • Journal Indexes: Science Citation Index Expanded (SCI-EXPANDED), Scopus, Academic Search Premier, Agricultural & Environmental Science Database, BIOSIS, CAB Abstracts, EMBASE, Environment Index, MEDLINE, Veterinary Science Database
  • Page Numbers: pp.136-144
  • Keywords: ground beef, meatball, Salmonella, S, Enteritidis, S, Typhimurium, antibiotic resistance, integron, POLYMERASE-CHAIN-REACTION, RAPID DETECTION, ANTIMICROBIAL RESISTANCE, MINCED MEAT, RETAIL MEATS, ENTERICA, SEROVARS, POULTRY, SPP., GASTROENTERITIS
  • Ondokuz Mayıs University Affiliated: Yes


The aims of this study were to evaluate the prevalence of Salmonella spp., including S. Enteritidis and S. Typhimurium, their antibiotic resistance profiles, and the presence/absence of class 1 integron (intI1) in 50 raw ground beef and 50 raw, meatball samples collected in the Samsun Province, Turkey. For the detection of Salmonella, conventional culture technique and PCR assay were used. The antibiotic resistance profiles of the isolates against nine antibiotics were tested. Salmonella spp. was detected in 20 (n = 86 isolates) samples, namely 12 ground beef and 8 meatball samples. Salmonella Enteritidis (n = 12; 24 isolates) or S. Typhimurium (n = 3; 6 isolates) was detected in 15 (75.00%, n = 30 isolates) samples. At least one species-specific gene (oriC or invA) was detected in the isolates. All isolates were sensitive to two of the third-generation cephalosporins and also nalidixic acid. There was a different level of multidrug resistance (MDR) between S. Enteritidis and Typhimurium isolates. Class 1 integron was detected in four samples (n = 7 isolates); seven isolates were S. Enteritidis and four out of the seven S. Enteritidis isolates were also MDR. In conclusion, the presence of Salmonella, particularly S. Enteritidis and S. Typhimurium, in ground beef and meatballs may cause foodborne infections. The presence of antibiotic-resistant Salmonella and S. Enteritidis with the Cls1integron is important for horizontal antibiotic gene transfer.