Inhibitors of carbonic anhydrase (CA) have been carried out in many therapeutic applications, especially antiglaucoma activity. In this study, we investigated some uracil derivatives (4-12) to inhibit human CA I (hCA I) and II (hCA II) isoenzymes. The K-I values of the compounds 4-12 are in the range of 0.085-428 mu M for hCA I and of 0.1715-645 mu M against hCA II, respectively. It is concluded from the kinetic investigations, all compounds used in the study act as competitive inhibitors with substrate, 4-NPA. Uracil derivatives are emerging agents for the inhibiton of carbonic anhydrase which could be used in biomedicine.