Hepatoprotective effects of the n-butanol extract from Perralderia coronopifolia Coss. against PCP-induced toxicity in Wistar albino rats

Bekhouche K., Özen T., Boussaha S., Demirtaş İ., Kout M., Yildirim K., ...More

ENVIRONMENTAL SCIENCE AND POLLUTION RESEARCH, vol.26, no.30, pp.31215-31224, 2019 (SCI-Expanded) identifier identifier identifier

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Volume: 26 Issue: 30
  • Publication Date: 2019
  • Doi Number: 10.1007/s11356-019-06231-6
  • Journal Indexes: Science Citation Index Expanded (SCI-EXPANDED), Scopus
  • Page Numbers: pp.31215-31224
  • Keywords: Perralderia coronopifolia, Pentachlorphenol, Antioxidant enzymes, Lipid peroxidation level, Glutathione, Hepatotoxicity, INDUCED OXIDATIVE STRESS, IN-VITRO, MAJOR METABOLITE, HEPATIC DAMAGE, DNA-DAMAGE, PENTACHLOROPHENOL, ANTIOXIDANT, LIVER, EXPOSURE, TISSUES
  • Ondokuz Mayıs University Affiliated: Yes


In the present study, in vivo antioxidant properties of the n-butanol extract obtained from aerial parts of Perralderia coronopifolia were investigated in term of its hepatoprotective effect of female Wistar albino rats (n, 36; average age, 48 +/- 5 days; weighing 150 +/- 18 g) against PCP (pentachlorphenol)-induced toxicity. PCP (20 mg/kg b.w.) and plant extract (50 mg/kg b.w.) were administered daily by gavages for 2 weeks. Vitamin E (100 mg/kg b.w.) was given intraperitoneally as a positive control. Lipid peroxidation (LPO) levels, reduced glutathione (GSH) levels, and glutathione peroxidase (GPx) activities were evaluated in liver homogenates. While, aspartate aminotransferase (AST), alanine aminotransferase (ALT), cholesterol, and triglyceride parameters were analyzed in serums. The liver fragments were observed using light microscopy. Experimental results exhibited that PCP-treated group has a significant increase in the liver lipid peroxidation (LPO) levels of animals while decreased in plant extract-treated group. In addition, PCP caused significant decreases in glutathione peroxidase (GPx) activities and reduced glutathione (GSH) levels. Moreover, PCP induced hepatotoxicity by increasing serum transaminase enzymes, cholesterol, and triglyceride levels. While, these levels were restored to control value in animals treated with plant extract. The regularized levels of LPO, GSH, cholesterol, triglyceride, transaminase enzymes, and GPx activities revealed the antioxidant properties of the extract plant as well as of the vitamin E. The histological study showed the hepatoprotective effect of our extracts against PCP-induced acute intoxication, protecting the hepatic architecture and decreasing the functional and structural alterations of the liver. The plant extract had high antioxidant potential and completely prevented the toxic effect of PCP on the above of liver and serum parameters.