Accumulation of Tobacco mosaic virus (TMV) at different depths clay and loamy sand textural soils due to tobacco waste application

GÜLSER C., Yilmaz N. D., Candemir F.

ENVIRONMENTAL MONITORING AND ASSESSMENT, vol.146, no.1-3, pp.235-242, 2008 (SCI-Expanded) identifier identifier identifier

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Volume: 146 Issue: 1-3
  • Publication Date: 2008
  • Doi Number: 10.1007/s10661-007-0075-7
  • Journal Indexes: Science Citation Index Expanded (SCI-EXPANDED), Scopus
  • Page Numbers: pp.235-242
  • Keywords: TMV, Tobacco waste, Soil depth, Soil texture, Adsorption, ADSORPTION, ENTEROVIRUSES, SURVIVAL, MINERALS, REOVIRUS, REMOVAL
  • Ondokuz Mayıs University Affiliated: Yes


The effects of tobacco waste (TW) application to the soil surface on the accumulation of Tobacco mosaic virus (TMV) in clay and loamy sand textural soils at various depths were investigated in two different fields. The tobacco waste had been found to be infected with TMV. Eighteen months after TW application to the soil surface, soils were sampled at 20 cm intervals through to 80 cm depth. The DAS-ELISA method was performed to determine infection of soil with TMV. The viruses persisted in clay soil for a long period compared with loamy sand soil. There was no accumulation of TMV at any depth of loamy sand soil in Experimental Field 2. TMV adsorption to soil particles in 0-60 cm depth of clay soil was determined in all TW treatments in Experimental Field 1. The highest ELISA Absorbance (A(405)) values in all treatments were determined in the 20-40 cm soil depth that had the highest clay content. ELISA A(405) values of TMV at different depths of clay soil gave significant correlations with clay content (r=0.793**), EC values (r=0.421**) and soil pH (r=0.405**). Adsorption of TMV to net negatively charged clay particle surfaces increased with increasing EC values of soil solution. Decreasing soil pH and infiltration rate increased adsorption of TMV to clay particles. Higher infiltration rate and lower clay content in loamy sand soil caused leaching of TMV from the soil profile.