The relationship between women's early diagnosis of, knowledge about as well as behaviours towards breast cancer and the fear of breast cancer

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Sadıç E., Altay B.

Progrees İn Health Sciences, vol.12, no.2, pp.29-38, 2022 (Peer-Reviewed Journal)

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Volume: 12 Issue: 2
  • Publication Date: 2022
  • Journal Name: Progrees İn Health Sciences
  • Journal Indexes: Index Chemicus (IC)
  • Page Numbers: pp.29-38
  • Ondokuz Mayıs University Affiliated: Yes


Purpose: The aim of this study is to investigate the
relationship between breast cancer early diagnosis,
knowledge and behaviors towards cancer and fear of
breast cancer in women who applied to the KETEM
Materials and Methods: It is a descriptive study. It
was carried out with 360 volunteer women who
applied to KETEM between April and September
2017. A descriptive questionnaire consisting of 33
questions and the "Breast Cancer Fear Scale" were
used. Percentage, mean, frequency, standard
deviation, chi-square, t-test and Anova test were
used to evaluate the data.
Results: While 7.5% of the women had breast self
exam, 2.8% had clinical breast examination and
9.4% had mammography. Fear of breast cancer was
high in 71.9% of women, and the relationship
between fear of breast cancer and self-examination
and early diagnosis behaviors was statistically
significant. Breast cancer fear scale mean scores
were higher in women who did breast self-exam
compared to those who did not. The relationship
between them was statistically significant. The
relationship between breast cancer early diagnosis
methods and breast cancer fear scale mean scores of
women was found to be significant.
Conclusion: Fear of breast cancer is high in women.
In order to improve the early diagnosis behaviors of
women with a high fear of breast cancer, different
training programs can be organized, the factors
causing fear can be determined, and counseling can
be given to eliminate this fear.
Keywords: Breast cancer, Cancer, Early diagnosis,
Fear of breast cancer, Woman