Synthesis, crystal structures, DFT calculations, and catalytic application in hydrosilylation of acetophenone derivatives with triethylsilane of novel rhoduim-N-heterocyclic carbene (NHCs) complex

Hassen S., Zouaghi M. O., Slimani I., Arfaoui Y., Özdemir N., ÖZDEMİR İ., ...More

JOURNAL OF MOLECULAR STRUCTURE, vol.1265, 2022 (SCI-Expanded) identifier identifier

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Volume: 1265
  • Publication Date: 2022
  • Doi Number: 10.1016/j.molstruc.2022.133397
  • Journal Indexes: Science Citation Index Expanded (SCI-EXPANDED), Scopus, Academic Search Premier, Chemical Abstracts Core, INSPEC
  • Keywords: Carbene Rh(I) complex, Crystal structure, DFT calculations, Optical properties, Hirshfeld surface analysis (HS), Catalytic and biological activities, DENSITY FUNCTIONALS, EXCHANGE, LIGANDS, THERMOCHEMISTRY, OXIDE
  • Ondokuz Mayıs University Affiliated: Yes


N-Heterocylic carbenes (NHCs) and their role as universal spectator ligands in transition metal compounds have recently sparked a wide interest in the broader field of green chemistry because of their astounding catalytic properties in reactions involving organic synthesis. In this study, a new rhodium based complex has been developed that incorporate an N-heterocyclic carbene ligand. This rhodium(I) N-heterocyclic carbene complex was characterized fully and the solid-state single crystal X-ray structure of the complex was discussed. Single-crystal X-ray diffraction analysis indicates that this complex crystallizes in the centrosymmetric space group Pbca of the orthorhombic system. The carbene complex exhibits the same general structural motif with slightly distorted square-planar geometry. The ground state geometry of the complex was optimized using density functional theory (DFT) at mixed double zeta basis set, 6-31G(d) for H, C, N, O and Cl and LANL2DZ for Rh. The presence of the different functional groups and the nature of their vibrations were identified by the experimental and theoretical infrared spectra. The optical properties of the studied complex were determined experimentally using UV-visible and photoluminescence techniques in solid state and theoretically using the TD-DFT method. Hirshfeld surface analysis employing 3D molecular surface contours and 2D fingerprint plots has been used to analyze intermolecular interactions present in the solid state. The utility of this complex as catalyst precursor for in the hydrosilylation of acetophenone derivatives with triethylsilane at 80 & DEG;C for 2 h using 1 mol% of the rhodium complexes was studied.The new rhodium(I) N-heterocyclic carbene complex 3 were also tested against MCF7 and MDA-MB-231 cancer cells, as well as Micrococcus luteus LB 14,110, Listeria monocytogenes ATCC 19,117, S. Typhimurium ATCC 14,028, Staphylococcus aureus ATCC 6538, Pseudomonas aeruginosa, and Candida albicans microorganisms. (c) 2022 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.