Evaluation of Trichoderma spp. from central and northern regions of Turkey for suppression of Polymyxa betae as a vector of rhizomania disease

Yilmaz N. D., Tunalı B.

Archives of Phytopathology and Plant Protection, vol.43, no.15, pp.1534-1542, 2010 (Scopus) identifier


In the current study, 18 Trichoderma spp. isolates were obtained from different provinces in central and northern regions of Turkey. The ability of nine selected isolates to suppress the colonisation of roots by P. betae and the multiplication of BNYVV in sugar beet roots under controlled conditions were tested. Roots of seedlings growing in the P. betae-BNYVV-infested soil were analysed by enzymelinked immunosorbent assay to test for the presence of BNYVV and checked microscopically for the density of cystosori of P. betae. The numbers of P. betae resting spores in cystosori for each treatment were counted using a light microscope. Except for isolates Tr-1 and Tr-5, the effect of selected Trichoderma isolates on suppressing multiplication of BNYVV varied between 4 and 53%. The total number of resting spores in the roots varied between 14.4 and 25.1 for the different Trichoderma spp. treatments. The lowest number of resting spores in clusters was recorded in T. harzianum Tr-8. In addition, the shapes of resting spores were not normal in the Tr-8 treatments. The cystosori from this treatment were also abnormally dark in colour and had deformed walls. © 2010 Taylor & Francis.