Scale construction for revealing the happiness perception of secondary school students


International Symposium on Chaos, Complexity and Leadership, ICCLS 2017, Ankara, Turkey, 21 - 22 October 2017, pp.307-314 identifier

  • Publication Type: Conference Paper / Full Text
  • Doi Number: 10.1007/978-3-319-89875-9_25
  • City: Ankara
  • Country: Turkey
  • Page Numbers: pp.307-314
  • Ondokuz Mayıs University Affiliated: Yes


The objective of this study is to construct a valid and reliable scale to measure the happiness perception of secondary school students (SHPS). The scale constructed as 28 items was applied to high schools of all different types in İlkadım, Samsun. The scale was applied to a total number of 305 (179 females, 126 males) students. Among the scale construction methods, item analysis, exploratory and confirmatory factor analysis, and reliability analysis were conducted in the study. The results yielded a 22-item scale of 4 factors with a 46.352 variance. As in line with their contents, the dimensions of the scale were named as social happiness perception, self-esteem, personal opposition, and psychological satisfaction. Cronbach’s alpha reliability test, conducted to provide evidence for the scale reliability, resulted in 0.787. The results of analysis showed that the scale is adequate for revealing the happiness perception of the students.