Peritendinous adhesions are a significant problem in tendon surgery. One of the most preferred methods for preventing adhesion formation is anti-adhesive applications. This study aimed to investigate the efficacy of natural synovial fluid as an alternative viscoelastic agent for preventing adhesion in the healing period compared to hyaluronic acid. Thirty adult New Zealand rabbits were used in the study to form three experimental models. In all groups, a rupture was induced in the Achilles tendons. Following tenorrhaphy, hyaluronic acid was applied in one group and synovial fluid in the other group for anti-adhesive purposes. In the control group, no viscoelastic application was made. Bandage was applied to the operated extremities for three weeks post-operatively. At the end of five weeks, euthanasia was performed on the animals using pentobarbital sodium. Surgical sites in all groups were macroscopically examined for healing status as well as the presence and extent of adhesions. Biomechanical tests and histopathological examinations were then performed on the tendons in all groups. Findings established once again the positive contribution of hyaluronic acid to preventing adhesion formation as well as to healing and tensile strength in tendon surgery. Although, we found that it is possible to use synovial fluid, which is a natural source of hyaluronic acid, as a viscoelastic material, it is not superior to commercial hyaluronic acid preparation.