LGBTI + Persons’ Experiences, Expectations, and Suggestions for Improving LGBTI + Healthcare Services in Turkey: A Qualitative Study

Soner G., Aydın Avci İ.

Issues in Mental Health Nursing, vol.44, no.9, pp.834-843, 2023 (SCI-Expanded) identifier identifier

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Volume: 44 Issue: 9
  • Publication Date: 2023
  • Doi Number: 10.1080/01612840.2023.2245903
  • Journal Name: Issues in Mental Health Nursing
  • Journal Indexes: Science Citation Index Expanded (SCI-EXPANDED), Social Sciences Citation Index (SSCI), Scopus, Academic Search Premier, ASSIA, Abstracts in Social Gerontology, CINAHL, Educational research abstracts (ERA), Gender Studies Database, Psycinfo, Public Affairs Index, Violence & Abuse Abstracts
  • Page Numbers: pp.834-843
  • Ondokuz Mayıs University Affiliated: Yes


This study aimed to explore the experiences, expectations, and suggestions of LGBTI + persons from the health system in Turkey and their views on what kind of a health system they wish to have. Qualitative descriptive research was used as one of the qualitative research methods. Thirteen LGBTI + persons living in different provinces of Turkey were interviewed. While selecting the participants, the maximum diversity sampling method, one of the purposive sampling methods, was employed. Attention was paid to interview participants from different groups among LGBTI + persons (three gay men, five trans men, two trans women, one queer person, one lesbian person and one bisexual person). Thematic analysis was performed for the analysis of individual in-depth interviews. The expectations of the participants were grouped under three themes: (a) institutional functioning, (b) legal regulations, and (c) healthcare professionals. Each theme and 9 sub-themes demonstrate what kind of a health system LGBTI + persons want to have. Some of the common expectations of the participants are having LGBTI + friendly and free healthcare services, adoption of anti-discrimination laws, and receiving healthcare from professionals with LGBTI+-specific healthcare knowledge. Changes to be made by policy makers, hospital administrators and healthcare professionals in line with the results obtained from the research can improve the experiences of LGBTI + persons in terms of receiving a higher quality healthcare service.