Associate Professor Dr. Murat GÜREL
Academic at the Turkish Music Department, Ondokuz Mayis University, State Conservatory, Samsun, TURKEY.
- GÜREL possesses an extensive knowledge of *Turkish Makam music.
(* Turkish Makam music is a traditional genre characterised by the use of specific melodic patterns known as "makam". It also showcases a variety of instruments and intricate performance styles, reflecting the cultural and historical influences of Turkey.)
- Assoc. Prof. Dr Murat GÜREL (academician-violinist) has taken part in Turkish Makam Music events across 32 countries and 45 cities.
- Gürel has led 30 international workshops.
- He has held violin recitals, contributed to ensemble concerts, and led workshops and delivered research seminars.
- Furthermore, he has been serving as a coordinator for 4 international-transcultural projects.
- GÜREL persistently advances his academic career in Turkish Makam Music Performance-Education, Transcription-Performance Analysis, and Turkish Makam Music Theory.⠀
- Instructing and performing on the violin,
- Leading hands-on workshops on makam/melodic progression, transcription, ornamentation, and improvisation,
- Delivering research seminars on music theory, ornamentation, transcription, and performance analysis.
Gürel born in 1987, commenced his musical education at Bursa High School Conservatory.
In 2009, he earned a Bachelor's degree from Uludag University's Faculty of Education, Music Education Department.
In 2011, Gürel completed his postgraduate thesis on "The Application of Ornamentation Techniques in Violin Education for Turkish Music Violin Performance and the Creation of Exercises" at the Department of Music Education in Gazi University's Institute of Educational Sciences.
That same year, he began his role as a professor at the Instrument Training Department of Ankara Gazi University's Turkish Music State Conservatory.
In 2016, he achieved a PhD from Gazi University's Institute of Fine Arts, Department of Turkish Music, with a thesis on "Analysis of **Nubar Tekyay's Violin Taksims" (Transcription and Analysis of Performances in Turkish Makam Music).
**Nubar Tekyay (1905-1955) is widely considered a master violinist in the realm of Turkish makam music.
Throughout his career, Gürel has performed violin recitals and ensemble concerts, led workshops, and presented seminars and conferences in 45 cities across 32 countries.
As a violinist, Gürel recorded an album on "The Great Composer Buhurizade Mustafa Itri (1640-1712)," featuring contributions from the Ataturk Culture, Language, and History Institution of the Turkish Republic's Prime Ministry in Ankara, Turkey.
Moreover, he has conducted seminars and hands-on makam workshops for primary and secondary school students at the ITU Turkish Music State Conservatory in Istanbul, Turkey.
From 2017 to 2018, Gürel took responsibility for developing the curriculum for the "Elective Violin Lesson," which was introduced for the first time in secondary schools for Years 5 through 8 by the Ministry of Education.
In 2018 and 2019, he played the violin in the "Anadolu Makam" Turkish Makam music ensemble at Anadolu University, State Conservatory in Turkey.
In 2019, he was invited to Bath Spa University and the University of Bristol in the UK, where he delivered lectures in postgraduate and doctoral programmes, held workshops and violin recitals, and participated in research seminars.
The University of Bristol in the UK described Gürel as an "extraordinary teacher and scholar".
In 2019, he was invited to present seminars as a guest speaker at Monash University in Melbourne, Australia.
He also took part as a violin-voice performer in ITU, MIAM studio recordings, and concerts featuring new compositions by Indian composer Sandeep Bhagwati and Uzbekistani composer Jakhongir Shukur.
Gürel's transcriptions were performed by the Hezarfen Ensemble in Barcelona, Spain, and Istanbul, Turkey.
As of 2022, Gürel is a member and violinist of the transcultural contemporary music ensemble, Hezarfen Ensemble, where he concentrates on transcultural music.
** Hezarfen Ensemble burst onto the Turkey music scene in 2010, bringing the performance of contemporary music to Turkey's rich musical landscape while providing a much-needed platform to the many superb composers of the 21st-century Turkish composing scene. They perform the sound world of much Turkish, Central Asian and North African music brought into a contemporary music context. They all utilise makam instruments and performers and the written and audio-visual resources of Hezarfen Ensemble's five-year "Beyond East and West" ERC project on Turkish instruments in their writing process.
In 2023, Gürel embarked on the "Mosaics of Turkish Makam Music" project, setting forth on an all-encompassing journey across Europe. As part of this expedition, Gürel delivered an array of violin performances, collaborated in ensemble renditions, and undertook studio recordings at renowned establishments such as the Bath Spa University in England, the University of Macedonia in Thessaloniki, Greece, Taller De Músics, Escola Superior D'estudis Musicals in Barcelona, Spain, and the Yunus Emre Institute in Vienna, Austria. Beyond his performances, Gürel led workshops, delving into the sophistication of Turkish style violin playing, the fundamentals of makam-oriented melodic progression, the methodology of transcription, and the subtleties of musical ornamentation and embellishment.
Gürel, in 2023, conducted workshop sessions and gave a violin recital, upon the invitation of the Music Department at the University of Cambridge, which ranks among the top five universities in the world in England.
As of 2023, Gürel serves as a violinist in the 'Ensemble Śabdagatitāra' an intercultural music ensemble based in Canada.
In recognition of his academic and artistic achievements, Gürel was awarded the title of "Associate Professor" in 2022.
As an educator, he shares his knowledge and expertise in violin, recital repertoire, and Turkish Makam music theory with undergraduate, postgraduate, and doctoral students.
Alongside teaching, Gürel continues to pursue academic endeavours in violin performance and pedagogy, transcription, performance analysis, and the theory of Turkish Makam music.
* "Beyond East and West: Developing and Documenting an Evolving Transcultural Musical Practice" European Research Council (ERC) Project.
Since 2017, Gürel has been conducting workshops on performance style and transcriptions for Turkish, English, German, American, and Taiwanese academics and artists as part of a collaborative project for ERC. These workshops take place at the ITU Centre for Advanced Studies in Music (MIAM) and concentrate on makam/melodic progression and ornamentation in Turkish Makam music. Gürel persists in leading these workshops.
* "Beethoven Eastern Variations" Project.
Since 2020, Gürel has been working as a researcher and violinist for a project organised by the Goethe Institut in collaboration with India, Germany, and Turkey. The project is based in Kolkata and Istanbul.
"Beethoven Eastern Variations" Promotional Video
Beethoven - Eastern Variations is the transcultural reinterpretation of the 2nd movement from Ludwig van Beethoven's 7th symphony, which was created as a contribution to the Beethoven year.
https://www.youtube.com/shorts/2wFi1S16bwM (short video)
https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=1xiVnstlWOA (full video)
* "SOUNDINGS, Assemblies of Listenings and Voices Across the Souths" Project.
Gürel is a steering committee member for an international project involving Canada, Germany, Norway, and the Netherlands. The project also features participation from academic and artistic professionals from various other countries, including India, Brazil, Austria, Switzerland, Sweden, Vietnam, and South Africa.
A trailer for the international project 'SOUNDINGS – Assemblies of Listenings and Voices Across the Souths'.
* “The Mosaics of Makam Music” Project.
"The Mosaics of Makam Music" is an international project coordinated by Gürel and based in both the UK and Turkey. As of 2023, he continues to oversee this project. The project features the performance of oral and instrumental pieces by Turkish, Arabic, Persian, Crimean, Polish, Greek, Armenian, and Egyptian composers who hold a significant place in the history of Turkish music from the 15th to the 20th centuries.
Furthermore, the project team conducts workshops on Makam/Melodic Progression, Transcription/Ornamentation, Vocal Performance Techniques, and Traditional Rhythms. In addition, the team presents a research seminar titled "Principles of Microtonality in Turkish Makam Music".
Practical Makam Teaching by GÜREL: The Anatolian Edvar Tradition
In his workshops, Gürel teaches a method centred on the "melodic progression" aspect of the Anatolian Edvar Tradition, which views Turkish Makam music theory as stemming from the relationships between notes. This pedagogical approach includes practical and concise descriptions. Participants learn Turkish Makam music through hands-on practice in a one-hour master-apprentice setting and actively engage by embodying a pitch. The workshops are designed to be easy to understand and enjoyable.
Two Examples of Workshops on Makam and Melodic Progression Conducted by Gürel:
GÜREL Transcriptions: Initiated by Murat GÜREL in 2015, this system has been employed in over 25 countries, with a primary focus on the international scene. Extensive work has been conducted with students, performers, and academics outside the Turkish makam music tradition. The main objective of these transcriptions is to modernise and develop the centuries-old "meşk" method, traditionally used in Turkish makam music, transforming it into a notation-supported "meşk".
GÜREL's transcriptions are notable for their incorporation of English terms and abbreviations, which serve to identify, label, and simplify the understanding of the ornamentation techniques and expressive elements that constitute the performance style. In GÜREL transcriptions, while microtonal or moving pitches are transcribed, they are regarded as "pitch zones". The practice of moving pitches is executed through imitation and repetition within the master-apprentice relationship.
As a result, participants gain first-hand experience with the ornamentation techniques, elements of expression, dynamics, and use of moving notes in the Turkish music tradition. This is facilitated through practical teaching methods. GÜREL's approach streamlines and simplifies the learning process, making it more accessible and easy to understand.
Video Reference to Gürel's Teaching Methods and Transcriptions by Prof. Dr. Michael Ellison from the University of Bristol, UK:
Video of Workshop on Ornamentation-Transcription:
Video of Transcription Seminar:
Melodic Progression in Opening Speech at the Start of the Ornamentation-Transcription Workshop:
A Scholarly Paper on Gürel's Pedagogy and Methodologies for Transcribing Music within the Context of Turkish Makam Music:
...the genius of Gürel’s teaching revealed itself when he taught the transcription not by playing and reading only, but by a combination of singing first to, then with the players in solfége, then singing on the syllable "of", then playing on his violin, all in rapid succession. Each motive in the piece was numbered, making rehearsal intensive and efficient, even when going around the room to hear each player individually. An intercultural gap was being filled by, in essence, combining makam and Western approaches: intensive aural learning mixed with a detailed notational aid. After a few more sessions, players were able to play some of these passages convincingly...The depth of learning was remarkable...For musicians who do read detailed notation at very high levels, Gürel’s transcriptions were the equivalent of boarding an express train towards a destination rather than walking...The exact sound of that something can be learned by ear with repetition and effective explanation. Seeing the transcribed makam music made our musicians appreciation of the depth of nuance included in makam music reach a new level, which was coupled with the joy of actually making conscious, tangible progress...It equipped each musician, after several transcriptions like this, to be able to go back to traditional makam notation with no ornamentation written, to hear better what was being done by experienced players, and to begin to create their own.
Ellison, M. (2019). Transcultural Adventures in Makam Ornamentation. In Intercultural Music-Conference and Concerts 2018 Proceedings Book (pp. 38-40). Ankara, TURKEY.
International Workshop Leading
* Makam-Melodic Progression Workshop: An Active Learning Approach Through ‘Anatolian Edvar Tradition’. University of Cambridge, Cambridge, the UK (2023).
* Hands-on Workshop on Makam-Melodic Progression Utilising the Anatolian Edvar Traditional Method. Yunus Emre Institut. Wien, AUSTRIA (2023).
* Transcription/Ornamentation in Turkish Makam Music, Taller De Músics, Escola Superior D'estudis Musicals, Barcelona, SPAIN (2023).
* Exploring Makam and Melodic Progression in Turkish Makam Music: A Practical Approach/Anatolian Edvar Tradition. University of Macedonia, Thessaloniki, GREECE (2023).
* Workshop on Transcription/Ornamentation. Bath Spa University, Bath, the UK (2023).
* Workshop on Makam/Melodic Progression. Bath Spa University, Bath, the UK (2023).
* Workshop on Makam/Melodic Progression. Academy of Art (Akademie Der Künste), Berlin, GERMANY (2022).
* Workshop on Transcription/Ornamentation. Academy of Art (Akademie Der Künste), Berlin, GERMANY (2022).
* Transcription Exercises for the Turkish Folk Music "Bozlak" Form. Centre for Advanced Studies in Music (MIAM), Istanbul Technical University, Istanbul, TURKEY (2020).
* Transcription-Exercises for the Turkish Folk Music “Bozlak” Form. Centre for Advanced Studies in Music (MIAM), Istanbul Technical University, Istanbul, TURKEY (2019).
* Ornamentation in Turkish Makam Music and Makam Teaching. Yunus Emre Institut, Wien, AUSTRIA (2019).
* Transcription-Exercises of Bozlak Performance. Centre for Advanced Studies in Music (MIAM), Istanbul Technical University, Istanbul, TURKEY (2019).
* Transcription of the Longa in the "Kurdilihicazkar Makam" by Master Violinist Sebuh. Centre for Advanced Studies In Music (MIAM), Istanbul Technical University, Istanbul, TURKEY (2019).
* Transcription of the Saz Semaisi Composition in the "Nikriz Makam" by Refik Fersan and Kemence Performance by Ihsan Ozgen. Centre for Advanced Studies In Music (MIAM), Istanbul Technical University, Istanbul, TURKEY (2019).
* 100 variations of Ornamentation and Playing Style Variations on a Main Theme in the "Ussak Makam". Centre for Advanced Studies In Music (MIAM), Istanbul Technical University, Istanbul, TURKEY (2019).
* Ornamentation in Turkish Makam Music and the Traditional Approach to Turkish Music Makams, "Edvar". University of Bristol, the UK (2019).
* Ornamentation in Turkish Makam Music and Practical Teaching of Makam. Bath Spa University, Bath, the UK (2019).
* Transcription of Tanburi Cemil Bey's Saz Semaisi Composition in "Sedaraban Makam". Centre for Advanced Studies In Music (MIAM), Istanbul Technical University, Istanbul, TURKEY (2018).
* Transcription of Nubar Tekyay's Violin Taksim in "Huzzam Makam". Centre for Advanced Studies in Music (MIAM), Istanbul Technical University, Istanbul, TURKEY (2018).
* Ornamentation in Turkish Makam Music. The West University of Timisoara, Timisoara, ROMANIA (2018).
* "Mesk" Study on the Transcription of Cuneyd Orhon's Kemence Performance. Centre for Advanced Studies in Music (MIAM), Istanbul Technical University, Istanbul, TURKEY (2018).
* Practical Teaching of Makam. Centre for Advanced Studies in Music (MIAM), Istanbul Technical University, Istanbul, TURKEY (2018).
* Teaching the Hicaz Makam Family based on the Traditional Approach "Edvar," and Transcription of Cuneyd Orhon's Kemence Performance. Centre for Advanced Studies in Music (MIAM), Istanbul Technical University, Istanbul, TURKEY (2018).
* Ornamentation in Turkish Makam Music, Practical Teaching of Makam, and Melodic Progression of Makam. Estonian Academy of Music and Theatre, Tallinn, ESTONIA (2018).
* Practical Teaching of Makam and Melodic Progression. Centre for Advanced Studies in Music (MIAM), Istanbul Technical University, Istanbul, TURKEY (2018).
* Transcription of Tanburi Cemil Bey's Saz Semaisi Composition in "Ferahfeza Makam". Centre for Advanced Studies in Music (MIAM), Istanbul Technical University, Istanbul, TURKEY (2018).
* Practical Teaching of Makam, Melodic Progressions of the "Hicaz Makam" Family, and Improvisation in Turkish Makam Music. Centre for Advanced Studies in Music (MIAM), Istanbul Technical University, Istanbul, TURKEY (2017).
* Ornamentation in Turkish Makam Music, with Transcription of Itri's Buselik Makam Composition. Centre for Advanced Studies in Music (MIAM), Istanbul Technical University, Istanbul, TURKEY (2017).
* The Role of Violin in Turkish Makam Music, Makam Concept in Turkish Makam Music, and Ornamentation in Turkish Makam Music. China Conservatory, Beijing, CHINA (2013).
International Violin Performances
* University of Cambridge, Cambridge, the UK (2023).
* University of Bristol, Bristol, the UK (2019).
* Bath Spa University, Bath, the UK (2019).
* Yunus Emre Institut, Wien, AUSTRIA (2019).
* Estonian Academy of Music and Theatre, Tallinn, ESTONIA (2018).
* The West University of Timisoara, Timisoara, ROMANIA (2018).
* Mazā Ģilde, Amatuiela, Riga, LATVIA (2018).
* Amsterdam World Music Festival, Amsterdam, HOLLAND (2017).
* Viale Michelangelo Sala, Rome-Frosinone, ITALY (2017).
* Escola Superior De Música De Lisboa, Lisboa, PORTUGAL (2014).
* Nikoleika Folk Music Festival, Nikoleika, GREECE (2014).
International Ensemble Performances
* The concert for "The Mosaics of Turkish Makam Music" project, Yunus Emre Institut, AUSTRIA, Wien (2023).
* The concert for "The Mosaics of Turkish Makam Music" project, Taller De Músics, Escola Superior D'estudis Musicals, Barcelona, SPAIN (2023).
* The concert for "The Mosaics of Turkish Makam Music" project, University of Macedonia, Thessaloniki, GREECE (2023).
* The concert for "The Mosaics of Turkish Makam Music" project, Bath Spa Univeristy, Bath, the UK (2023).
* Bristol New Music Festival 2022 & Hezarfen Ensemble, Bristol, the UK (2022).
(Concert is broadcasted by BBC Radio 3)
* Audition for Soundings Ensemble, Academy of Art (Akademie Der Künste), Berlin GERMANY (2022).
* Audition for Experimental Trans-Cultural Electronic Music. Academy of Art (Akademie Der Künste), Berlin GERMANY (2022).
* Mazā Ģilde, Amatuiela, Riga, LATVIA (2018).
* Turkish Makam Music Concert, Famagusta, TURKISH REPUBLIC OF NORTHERN CYPRUS (2016).
* Chinese-Turkish Culture Year Events 2013, Beijing, CHINA (2013).
* Chinese-Turkish Culture Year Events 2013, Shanghai, CHINA (2013).
* Turkish Makam Music Concert, Tempodrom, Berlin, GERMANY (2012).
* Turkish Makam Music Concert, Mecidiye, ROMANIA (2012).
* Turkish Makam Music Concert, Bucharest, ROMANIA (2012).
* Turkish Makam Music Concert, Constanta, ROMANIA (2012).
* Turkish Makam Music Concert, Skopje, MACEDONIA (2011).
* Black Sea Cultural Festival, Seoul, SOUTH KOREA (2010).
Turkish Makam Music Violin Recital in Riga, LATVIA.
Improvisation with Violin in Transcultural New Music: Hezarfen Ensemble in the UK/Bristol
Dr. Murat GÜREL on:
2012 - 20162012 - 2016
Gazi University, Güzel Sanatlar Enstitüsü, Türk Müziği (Dr), Turkey
2009 - 20112009 - 2011
Gazi University, Eğitim Bilimleri Enstitüsü, Müzik Eğitimi (Yl) (Tezli), Turkey
2005 - 20092005 - 2009
Bursa Uludağ University, Eğitim Fakültesi, Güzel Sanatlar Eğitimi Bölümü, Turkey
2019 - Continues2019 - Continues
Fakülte Yönetim Kurulu Üyesi
Ondokuz Mayis University
Articles Published in Other Journals
THE FUNDAMENTAL PRINCIPLES AND ELEMENTS CONSTITUTING OF THE MAKAM CONCEPT WITH THE ANATOLIAN EDVAR TRADITION, THE THIRTY- SEVEN MAKAMS ARISING FROM THE HİCAZ DÜZEN (HİCAZ GAMUT)
IDIL SANAT VE DIL DERGISI , vol.10, no.85, pp.1376-1409, 2021 (Peer-Reviewed Journal)
THE ANALYSIS OF HAKKI DERMAN’S BAYATI VIOLIN TAKSIM
Rast Muzikoloji Dergisi , vol.4, no.3, pp.1367-1395, 2016 (Peer-Reviewed Journal)
THE ANALYSIS OF NUBAR TEKYAY’S HUZZAM VIOLIN TAKSIM
Gazi Üniversitesi Güzel Sanatlar Enstitüsü, Akademik Sanat, Tasarım ve Bilim Dergisi , vol.1, no.1, pp.94-109, 2016 (Peer-Reviewed Journal)
Refereed Congress / Symposium Publications in Proceedings
Representing Ornamentation in Traditional Turkish Music – New Notation Tools for the Transcription of Recorded Performances.
The Analysis of Sadi Isilay’s Huseyni Makam (Melodic Type) Violin Taksim
Music Institutions of Bursa that is Turkey’s Culture and Tourism City-Contributions of the Institutions to City and Country Tourism in terms Music Communities
How Should Violin Education be Conducted in Turkish Music State Conservatories?
The Use of Bow Techniques in Violin Performance of Turkish Makam Music
1.International Art Symposium, Ankara, Turkey, 17 - 21 October 2011, pp.307-316
Books & Book Chapters
Uluslararası Kitap Bölümü / The Analysis of Cevdet Cagla’s Kurdilihicazkar Makam Violin Taksim
2023 - 20252023 - 2025
Universities of Other Countries Supported Project
Gürel M. (Executive)
2022 - 20242022 - 2024
Other International Funding Programs
Gürel M. (Executive)
2020 - 20232020 - 2023
"Beethoven Eastern Variations" presented by the Goethe-Institut Istanbul and the Goethe-Institut / Max Mueller Bhavan Kolkata
Civil Society Organizations of Other Countries Supported Project
Gürel M. (Executive)
2017 - 20232017 - 2023
"Beyond East and West: Developing And Documenting an Evolving Transcultural Musical Practice” in Collaboration with The European Research Council (ERC)
EU Supported Other Project
Gürel M. (Executive)
Activities in Scientific Journals
2023 - Continues2023 - Continues
Turkish Music (TM) Journal / Türk Müziği (TM) Dergisi
Assistant Editor/Section Editor
2023 - Continues2023 - Continues
Rast Muzikoloji Dergisi
Assistant Editor/Section Editor
Tasks In Event Organizations
June 2023June 2023
UK / University of Cambridge. Makam-Melodic Progression Workshop: An Active Learning Approach Through ‘Anatolian Edvar Tradition’
University of Cambridge-England
July 2019July 2019
AUSTRALIA / Melbourne. REPRESENTING ORNAMENTATION IN TRADITIONAL TURKISH MUSIC – NEW NOTATION TOOLS FOR THE TRANSCRIPTION OF RECORDED PERFORMANCES, TENOR 2019
Technologies of Notation and Representation in Music, TENOR 2019-Australia
April 2019April 2019
TURKEY / Istanbul Technical University Turkish Music State Conservatory. MAKAM IN A SENTENCE: "GAMUT, CENTRE, MELODIC PROGRESSION, RESOLUTION.
İstanbul Teknik Üniversitesi-Turkey
February 2019February 2019
UK / University of Bristol. TRANSCRIPTION and ANALYSIS of TRADITIONAL TURKISH MUSIC, VIOLIN in TRADITIONAL TURKISH MUSIC, TRADITIONAL TURKISH MUSIC MAKAMS ON THE BASIS OF TRADITION APPROACH “EDVAR”, ANATOLIAN ECOLE
University of Bristol-England
February 2019February 2019
UK / Bath Spa University. TRANSCRIPTION and ANALYSIS of TRADITIONAL TURKISH MUSIC
Bath Spa University-England
May 2018May 2018
ROMANIA / Timisoara. The West University of Timisoara, VIOLIN IN TRADITIONAL TURKISH MUSIC, TRANSCRIPTION AND ANALYSES OF TAKSIM
The West University of Timisoara-Romania
May 2017May 2017
GEORGIA / Batumi State Art Teaching University. THE ANALYSIS OF SADI ISILAY'S HUSEYNI MAKAM VIOLIN TAKSIM
The Music Faculty of Batumi State Art Teaching University / XII. International Festival, Conference of Folk and Church Music of Batumi-Georgia
May 2017May 2017
ITALY/ Rome. The Concept of Makam in Turkish Makam Music
Università delgi Studidi Roma "Tor Vergata-Italy
June 2014June 2014