Anisakis pegreffii and A. simplex sensu stricto (s.s.) are the main etiological agents causing human anisakiasis. Here, we aimed to investigate based on the pepsin digestion method of the occurrence of Anisakis larvae in imported deep-frozen whole Atlantic mackerel (Scomber scombrus) from FAO 27 to Turkey and smoked Norwegian farmed Atlantic salmon fillets (Salmo salar) between 2018 and 2019. A total of 100 whole Atlantic mackerel and 180 Atlantic salmon fillets were randomly sampled from local Turkish supermarkets. No Anisakis larvae were detected in smoked Atlantic salmon fillets. In total, 827 Anisakis larvae were found in mackerel, and the prevalence was 68% (68/100). The mI and mA of Anisakis larvae in mackerel were 13.1 and 8.2, respectively. Whereas the 95.28% (788/827) of the Anisakis larvae were found in abdominal cavity/viscera, the 4.72 % (39/827) of the larvae in the muscle. The prevalence and mI of Anisakis larvae in the abdominal cavity/viscera and muscle of mackerel was 63.0% (63/100) and 42.0% (42/100), and 12.5 and 0.9, respectively. The subsample of 100 larvae was molecularly identified by ITS RFLP patterns. The 99 (99.0%) larvae were identified as A. simplex (s.s.), and 1 (1.0%) larva was A. pegreffii. Consequently, there is low or no risk of anisakiasis in smoked farmed Atlantic salmon for Turkish consumers. The 42.0% prevalence of zoonotic Anisakis species larvae in imported Atlantic mackerel fillets could have public health risk in Turkish consumers for anisakiasis or allergy.